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Why Ncl3 gets readily hydrolysed while NF3 doesnot?

Why Ncl3 gets readily hydrolysed while NF3 doesnot?

Grade:12

3 Answers

ganesh
20 Points
3 years ago
 
this is so bcoz neither F nor N has vacant orbitals(remember no d-orbitals)...whereas Cl in NCl3 has vacant d-orbitals to accomodate elctrons n get hydrolysed..
Satpreet khera
15 Points
2 years ago
Simple because chlorine has a vacant d-orbital . so,ncl3 is hydrolysed.that's why NF3 is considered stable.
Kushagra Madhukar
askIITians Faculty 629 Points
one year ago
Dear student,
Please find the answer to your question.

In NCl3, Cl has vacant d-orbitals to accept the lone pair of electrons donated by O-atom of H2O molecule but in NF3, F does not have any d-orbitals. Thus, NCl3 undergoes hydrolysis but NF3 does not.

Thanks and regards,
Kushagra

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