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Grade: 12
        what is the role of depressant in froth floatation process
6 years ago

Answers : (2)

37 Points
							In the froth flotation process we want some substances to settle down and some substances to float. Now naturally, the sulphide of the substance we want to extract will float and the "gangue" or useless material will sink.

However, sometimes the ore we are using also has other sulphides present in it as impurities. For example, lead sulphide generally has zinc sulphide also present as impurity which will also float in the froth floatation process along with the lead sulphide. To make sure that lead sulphide floats but zinc sulphide do not float, we add depressants.

Depressants prevent certain type of particles from forming froth during froth floatation process. A common depressant used in the froth floatation of lead sulphide is sodium cyanide. When the ore containing ZnS and PbS is subjected to froth floatation process in the presence of NaCN, then only PbS forms the froth.

This happens because NaCN reacts with ZnS to form Na2[Zn(CN)4].

4NaCN + ZnS -----> Na2[Zn(CN)4] + Na2S
6 years ago
kirti garg
24 Points
							Depressants are added to prevent certain type of particles from forming the froth with the air bubbles .for example-to separate zinc sulphide(ZnS) ore from lead sulphide(PbS) ore,sodium cyanide is used as adepressant which acts as adepressant for ZnS but does not prevent PbS from the formation of froth. Thus, the two ores can easily be separated.
2 years ago
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