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What are nucleic acids? Mention their two important functions

What are nucleic acids? Mention their two important functions

Grade:upto college level

1 Answers

Anjali Ahuja
askIITians Faculty 240 Points
6 years ago
Nucleic acid s are biomolecules found in the nuclei of all living cells, as one of the constituents of chromosomes. They are the carriers of genetic information from parents to offsprings. There are mainly two types of nucleic acids − deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA)
(i) DNA is responsible for the transmission of inherent characters from one generation to the next. This process of transmission is called heredity.

(ii) Nucleic acids (both DNA and RNA) are responsible for protein synthesis in a cell. Even though the proteins are actually synthesised by the various RNA molecules in a cell, the message for the synthesis of a particular protein is present in DNA.

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