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Grade: 11
        

For reaction : PCl5(g) ---> PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) . The degree of dissociation of PCl5 is alpha at equilibrium pressure ‘P’.What is the equilibrium constant(Kp) for the reaction?

one year ago

Answers : (1)

Arun
23044 Points
							
PCl5 dissociates as:
PCl5 ⇌ PCl3 Cl2
If p is the degree of dissociation at certain temperature under atmospheric pressure, then
Initial concentration:
PCl5 = 1
PCl3 = 0
Cl2 = 0
At Equilibrium:
PCl5 = 1 – p
PCl3 = p
Cl2 = p
Total number of moles at equilibrium = 1 – p + p + p = 1 + p
Partial pressures of PCl5, PCl3 and Cl2 will be:
p (PCl3) = p p / 1 + p
p (Cl2) = p p / 1 + p
p (PCl5) = (1 – p) p / 1 + p
Kp = p (PCl3) X p (Cl2) / p (PCl5)
Kp = [(p p / 1 + p) X (p p / 1 + p)]/[ (1 – p) p / (1 + p)]
= p2 p / (1 – p) 2
one year ago
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