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Explain structures of diborane and boric acid.

Explain structures of diborane and boric acid.

Grade:Upto college level

1 Answers

Suraj Prasad IIT Patna
askIITians Faculty 286 Points
6 years ago
(a) Diborane

B 2 H 6 is an electron-deficient compound. B 2 H 6 has only 12 electrons – 6 e – from 6 H atoms and 3 e – each from 2 B atoms. Thus, after combining with 3 H atoms, none of the boron atoms has any electrons left. X-ray diffraction studies have shown the structure of diborane as:

2 b oron and 4 terminal hydrogen atoms (H t ) lie in one plane, while the other two bridging hydrogen atoms (H b ) lie in a plane perpendicular to the plane of boron atoms. Again, of the two bridging hydrogen atoms, one H atom lies above the plane and the other lies below the plane. The terminal bonds are regular two-centre two-electron (2c – 2e – ) bonds, while the two bridging (B–H–B) bonds are three-centre two-electron (3c – 2e – ) bonds.

(b) Boric acid

B oric acid has a layered structure. Each planar BO 3 unit is linked to one another through H atoms. The H atoms form a covalent bond with a BO 3 unit, while a hydrogen bond is formed with another BO 3 unit. In the given figure, the dotted lines represent hydrogen bonds.

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