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An aqueous solution containing 4% nonvolatile solute exerts a pressure of 1.002 bar at the normal boiling point of the solvent. What is the molar mass of the solute?

An aqueous solution containing 4% nonvolatile solute exerts a pressure of 1.002 bar at
the normal boiling point of the solvent. What is the molar mass of the solute?

Grade:9

1 Answers

Sunil Kumar FP
askIITians Faculty 183 Points
6 years ago
Vapour pressure of the solution at normal boiling point (p1) = 1.004 bar

Vapour pressure of pure water at normal boiling point

Mass of solute, (w2) = 2 g

Mass of solvent (water), (w1) = 98 g

Molar mass of solvent (water), (M1) = 18 g mol−1

According to Raoult’s law,

pi0-p/pi0=w2*m1/(w1*m2)
1.013-1.004/1.013=2*18/98*m2
= 41.35 g mol−1

Hence, the molar mass of the solute is 41.35 g mol−1.

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