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Why are oxidation state and formal charge considered as separate entities?

Why are oxidation state and formal charge considered as separate entities?

Grade:12th Pass

1 Answers

Sunil Kumar FP
askIITians Faculty 183 Points
6 years ago
Formal charge: The theoretical charge on an atom in a molecule, calculated by V-1/2B-L, where V is the number of valence electrons, B is the number of bonding electrons, and L is the number of lone pairs

Oxidation number:A fictitious system of measuring electron density and distribution. It is the hypothetical charge that would be present on each atom if a molecule was shattered into its individual constituent atoms with bonding electrons ending up with the atom of the bond having the higher electronegativity.
Thus they are different

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