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why formaldehyde is more reactive than benzeldehyde?

why formaldehyde is more reactive than benzeldehyde?

Grade:12

2 Answers

Sushma C.
14 Points
9 years ago

benzene ring due to the delocalization of electrons decreses the charge on carbonyl carbon, ehich decreases the reactivity of benzaldehyde. where as in formaldehyde the -h groups attached to the carbonyl carbon get a highly positive change and thus more reactive than that of benzaldehyde.

sounak sinhababu
13 Points
3 years ago
Formaldehyde has a H- (Hydrogen) attached to the Carbonyl carbon of -CHO (aldehyde) group.
Whereas , Benzaldehyde has a Ph- (Phenyl) group attached.
The major reactions of aldehydes are Nucleophilic addition reactions(NAR)[ in which a nucleophile gets added to the Carbonyl carbon which is electropositive in nature].
Addition of a Nucleophile depends on Steric Factor.
The less sterically hindered the Carbonyl carbon is , greater is the ease of addition of Nucleophile.
 
In case of Benzaldehyde and Formaldehyde , Benzaldehyde has a more sterically hindered carbonyl carbon (due to bulkier Ph- group) as compared to Formaldehyde (with a smaller H- group). Thus , Nucleophilic reactions takes place faster in case of Formaldehyde.
Therefore , Formaldehyde is MORE REACTIVE TOWARDS NUCLEOPHILIC ADDITION REACTIONS than Benzaldehyde.

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