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Why conductivity of solution of alkali metal in liquid ammonia decreases as concentration increases?

Why conductivity of solution of alkali metal in liquid ammonia decreases as concentration increases?

Grade:11

1 Answers

Aman Bansal
592 Points
9 years ago

Dear RAnjita,

The conductivity of salts in solvents of low dielectric constant, and of metals in liquid ammonia, exhibit minima which may be explained in terms of an equilibrium between ions and a coulombic compound of two ions, or "ion pairs." This equilibrium conforms to the law of mass action. At limiting conductance in solutions of sodium in liquid ammonia, part of the current is carried by metal ions, but seven-eighths is carried by electrions. Following the BLA model, it is assumed that when two ion pairs, consisting of a sodium ion and an electron, come together, the spins of the two electrons couple to form disodium spinide. Increase in conductivity past the minimum is assumed to be caused by dissociation of disodium spinide into sodium ions and spinions.

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