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What is formal charge?Explain in detail.

What is formal charge?Explain in detail.

Grade:12th Pass

1 Answers

Aman Bansal
592 Points
9 years ago

Dear Menka,

Formal charge is way of determining the most probable structure of a molecule. You want a molecule where the formal charges are as close to zero as possible and any negative formal charges on the most electronegative element.

Formal charge = valance electrons minus the nonbonding electrons minus one half of the bonding electrons
FC = VE - NBE - 1/2 BE

The sum of the formal charges will equal zero for a compound or the charge on an ion.

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