Thank you for registering.

One of our academic counsellors will contact you within 1 working day.

Please check your email for login details.
MY CART (5)

Use Coupon: CART20 and get 20% off on all online Study Material

ITEM
DETAILS
MRP
DISCOUNT
FINAL PRICE
Total Price: Rs.

There are no items in this cart.
Continue Shopping

why isothermal expansion work done is more than the adibatic expansion work?

why isothermal expansion work done is more than the adibatic expansion work?

Grade:

1 Answers

SAGAR SINGH - IIT DELHI
879 Points
10 years ago

Dear student,

In thermodynamics, the work involved when a gas changes from state A to state B is simply

W_{A\to B} = \int_{V_A}^{V_B}p\,dV

For an isothermal,reversible  process, this integral equals the area under the relevant pressure-volume isotherm, and is indicated in yellow in the figure (at the bottom right-hand of the page) for an ideal gas. Again, p = nRT / V applies and with T being constant (as this is an isothermal process), we have:

W_{A\to B} = \int_{V_A}^{V_B}p\,dV = \int_{V_A}^{V_B}\frac{nRT}{V}dV = nRT\int_{V_A}^{V_B}\frac{1}{V}dV = nRT\ln{\frac{V_B}{V_A}}

By convention, work is defined as the work the system does on its environment. If, for example, the system expands by a piston moving in the direction of force applied by the internal pressure of a gas, then the work is counted as positive, and as this work is done by using internal energy of the system, the result is that the internal energy decreases. Conversely, if the environment does work on the system so that its internal energy increases, the work is counted as negative.

Think You Can Provide A Better Answer ?

Provide a better Answer & Earn Cool Goodies See our forum point policy

ASK QUESTION

Get your questions answered by the expert for free