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when we put pressure constant molar heat capacity Cp.if the objects expand then it is less than Cv.when you subtract means Cp-Cv get negative sign.But R Universal gas constant value(which comes from the subtraction of those both two, ) become negative then how it is?

when we put pressure constant molar heat capacity Cp.if the objects expand then it is less than Cv.when you subtract means Cp-Cv get negative sign.But R Universal gas constant value(which comes from the subtraction of those both two, ) become negative then how it is?

Grade:11

2 Answers

SAGAR SINGH - IIT DELHI
879 Points
10 years ago

Dear student,

Heat capacity (symbol C) is an extensive property , meaning it is a physical property that scales with the size of a physical system. A sample containing twice the amount of substance of another requires twice the amount of heat (ΔQ) to achieve the same rise in temperature (ΔT):

 C = \frac{\Delta Q}{\Delta T}
ankitesh gupta
63 Points
8 years ago

CP AND CV  ARE FIXED FOR MONOATOMIC, DIATOMIC ,POLYATOMIC MOLECULE SINCE CP AND CV ARE CALCULATED BE OBSERVING THEIR VIBRATIONAL MOTION , TRANSLATIONAL MOTION ETC. SO CP IS ALWAYS GREATER THAN CV AND IF YOU HAVE STUDIED FORMULA FOR ADIABATIC EXPANSION PVGAMMA=CONSTANT WHERE GAMMA=CP/CV AND IF IN EXPANSION CV IS GREATER THAN CP THEN ACCORDING TO THE FORMULA THE FINAL VOLUME WOULD BE LESSER THAN THE INTIAL VOLUME BECAUSE CP/CV WOULD BE LESSER THAN 1 . BUT YOU HAD CONSIDERED THE PROCESS TO BE EXPANSION SO HOW COME VOLUME DECREASED THEREFORE YOUR ASSUMPTION WAS ONLY WRONG

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