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Blood has ph of basic range(ph=7.4).what is the concentration ratio between the conjugate acid and conjugate base if it is assumed that carbon dioxide/water buffer is present in the blood.

Blood has ph of basic range(ph=7.4).what is the concentration ratio between the conjugate acid and conjugate base if it is assumed that carbon dioxide/water buffer is present in the blood.

Grade:11

1 Answers

SAGAR SINGH - IIT DELHI
879 Points
11 years ago

Dear student,

Acid-base buffers confer resistance to a change in the pH of a solution when hydrogen ions (protons) or hydroxide ions are added or removed. An acid-base buffer consists of a weak acid and its conjugate base (from a salt) or a weak base and its conjugate acid (from a salt). A buffer works because it contains a substantial amount of a weak acid and a weak base (the conjugate acid-base pair) at equilibrium with each other. When protons (from an external source) are added to the buffer, some of the base component of the buffer will react with the protons and turn into the conjugate acid (which is the weak-acid component of the buffer) and thus neutralizing most of the protons added. When hydroxide ions are added (or, equivalently, when protons are removed from the buffer), some of the weak-acid component of the buffer will dissociate and turn into the conjugate base (which is the weak-base component of the buffer) thus replenishing most of the protons removed.

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