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Hello, This is example from Physics NCERT Book 12 th ! and i want to know how this Electric field is calulated for this both left and right faces ! Here is Question Example 1.11 The electric field components in Fig. 1.27 are Ex = áx1/2, Ey = Ez = 0, in which á = 800 N/C m1/2. Calculate (a) the flux through the cube, and (b) the charge within the cube. Assume that a = 0.1 m. Sol. in NCERT : Since the electric field has only an x component, for faces perpendicular to x direction, the angle between E and ΔS is ± π/2. Therefore, the flux φ = E.ΔS is separately zero for each face of the cube except the two shaded ones. Now the magnitude of the electric field at the left face is EL = αx1/2 = αa1/2 (x = a at the left face). The magnitude of electric field at the right face is ER = α x1/2 = α (2a)1/2 (x = 2a at the right face). The corresponding fluxes are φL= EL .ΔS = ΔS EL ⋅ nˆ L =EL ΔS cosθ = –EL ΔS, since θ = 180° = –ELa2 φR= ER .ΔS = ER ΔS cosθ = ER ΔS, since θ = 0° = ERa2 Net flux through the cube = φR + φL = ERa2 – ELa2 = a2 (ER – EL) = αa2 [(2a)1/2 – a1/2] = αa5/2 ( 2 –1) = 800 (0.1)5/2 ( 2 –1) = 1.05 N m2 C–1 (b) We can use Gauss’s law to find the total charge q inside the cube. We have φ = q/ε0 or q = φε0. Therefore, q = 1.05 × 8.854 × 10–12 C = 9.27 × 10–12 C.

 
Hello,
This is example from Physics NCERT Book 12th ! and i want to know how this Electric field is calulated for this both left and right faces !
Here is Question
Example 1.11 The electric field components in Fig. 1.27 are
Ex = áx1/2, Ey = Ez = 0, in which á = 800 N/C m1/2. Calculate (a) the
flux through the cube, and (b) the charge within the cube. Assume
that a = 0.1 m. 
 
Sol. in NCERT :
Since the electric field has only an x component, for faces
perpendicular to x direction, the angle between E and ΔS is
± π/2. Therefore, the flux φ = E.ΔS is separately zero for each face
of the cube except the two shaded ones. Now the magnitude of
the electric field at the left face is
EL = αx1/2 = αa1/2
(x = a at the left face).
The magnitude of electric field at the right face is
ER = α x1/2 = α (2a)1/2
(x = 2a at the right face).
The corresponding fluxes are
φL= EL
.ΔS = ΔS EL ⋅ nˆ L =EL ΔS cosθ = –EL ΔS, since θ = 180°
= –ELa2
φR= ER
.ΔS = ER ΔS cosθ = ER ΔS, since θ = 0°
= ERa2
Net flux through the cube
= φR + φL = ERa2 – ELa2 = a2 (ER – EL) = αa2 [(2a)1/2 – a1/2]
= αa5/2 ( 2 –1)
= 800 (0.1)5/2 ( 2 –1)
= 1.05 N m2 C–1
(b) We can use Gauss’s law to find the total charge q inside the cube.
We have φ = q/ε0 or q = φε0. Therefore,
q = 1.05 × 8.854 × 10–12 C = 9.27 × 10–12 C.

Grade:12th pass

2 Answers

arun
123 Points
5 years ago
it is given that EX = \alphax^(1/2) in this ‘x’ represents the distance from origin on x-axis. In figure you can see left face is at a distance of left face from origin is ‘a’ so, 
EX (for left face) = \alpha \sqrt{a}
and right face is at a distane of ‘2a’ so,
EX (for right face) =\alpha \sqrt{2a}
Rishi Sharma
askIITians Faculty 646 Points
one year ago
Hello Mark,
Let us understand the problem in this way,
Electric Flux is defined as a number of electric field lines, passing per unit area.
It is also defined as the product of electric field and surface area projected in a direction perpendicular to the electric field.
As per given data electric field is in the x axis direction thats why we need to consider both the face perpendicular to x axis rest all are parallel to x axis. Hence no flux will develop.
Thanks
I hope above solution will clear your all doubts.
Please feel free to post and ask as much doubts as possible.
All the best.


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