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Grade: 12
        
What is the least distance between (0,12) and (a(t^2),2at) where a is constant and t is variable.
one month ago

Answers : (1)

Sukant Kumar
27 Points
							
Let the distance between the given points be D, then we know that
 
D=\sqrt{(at^2)^2 + (2at-12)^2}
 
D=\sqrt{(a^2t^4) + (4a^2t^2+144-48at)}
 
D=\sqrt{a^2t^4+ 4a^2t^2-48at+144}
 
Let, as when f(t) will be minimum and then D will also be minimum,
 
f(t)=a^2t^4+4a^2t^2-48at
 
f`(t)=4a^2t^3+8a^2t-48a=a(4at^3+8at-48)
 
f``(t)=a(12at^2+8a) > 0, \forall, t \in R,
 
hence f’(t) is monotonically increasing. Minimum of f(t) is when f`(t) reaches zero. The answer thus depends on the value of a and cannot be resolved easily in terms of a. So let us say that at t1 the value of f`(t) is zero and f(t) is minimum, right? Then,
 
f`(t_1)=4at^3+8at-48=0 \rightarrow f(t) = a^2t_1^4+4a^2t_1^2-48at_1=at_1(at_1^3)+4a^2t_1^2-48at_1=at_1(\frac{48-8at_1}{4})+4a^2t_1^2-48at_1=2a^2t_1^2-36at_1=2at_1(at_1-18))
Hence, the expression doesn’t resolve to a constant value and the minimum distance will not have a uniform expression for different values of a.
 
27 days ago
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