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Cp - Cv value of real gases would be more or less than that of ideal gas....see img.....

Cp - Cv value of real gases would be more or less than that of ideal gas....see img.....

Question Image
Grade:11

1 Answers

Arun
25763 Points
2 years ago
If you follow the proof, you can see that the ‘nb’ term makes no difference to either the specific heat at constant pressure or at constant volume.At constant pressure the amount of heat, Q, needed to produce a temperature change ΔT at constant pressure for n moles of ANY gas is:Q = nCpΔTWhere Cp is the molar specific heat at constant pressure.The energy supplied, Q, can be considered as increasing in internal energy (ΔU) and doing work at constant pressure, PΔV. SoΔU + PΔV = nCpΔTΔU = nCpΔT - PΔV (equation 1)_____________________Consider an ideal gas obeying PV=nRT, where P is constant.If V increases by ΔV and T increases by ΔTP(V+ΔV) = =nR(T+ΔTPV+ PΔV = =nRT+ nRΔTSubtracting ‘PV = nRT’ gives:PΔV = nRΔTFrom equation 1ΔU = n.Cp. ΔT - nR ΔT= nΔT(Cp - R)ΔU/ΔT = n(Cp - R) (equation 2)______________________Now repeat the above calculation for a real gas obeying P(V-nb)=nRT. where P is constant.PV – Pnb = nRTIf V increases by ΔV and T increase by ΔTP(V+ΔV + nb) =nR(T+ΔT)PV+ PΔV + Pnb =nRT+ nRΔT)Subtracting ‘PV – Pnb = nRT’ gives:PΔV = nRΔTNote that the ‘nb’ term has disappeared and we are left with the same formula as for an ideal gas.The same calculation used above for an deal gas then applies soΔU/ΔT = n(Cp - R) (same equation 2 as above)_____________________At constant volume, a gas does no work. So only internal energy (U) changes.If Cv is the molar specific heat at constant volumeQ = ΔU = nCvΔTΔU/ ΔT = nCv.This is true for the ideal gas and for the real gas.From equation 2nCv. = n(Cp - R)Cp – Cv – RSo Cp – Cv = R is true for both the ideal and the real gas

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