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Define asexual reproduction. Describe two methods of asexual reproduction in animals.

Define asexual reproduction. Describe two methods of asexual reproduction in animals.

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

Pawan Prajapati
askIITians Faculty 6228 Points
29 days ago
The mode of reproduction in which only a single parent is involved is called asexual reproduction. In this type of reproduction, sex cells (gametes) are not produced and no fusion of gametes takes place for the reproduction of zygote or offsprings. Asexual reproduction takes place in Amoeba, Hydra, yeast, starfish, sponges, etc. There are mainly two methods of asexual reproduction: (i) Binary fission: In binary fission, a single parent cell is divided into two equal individual cells as in Amoeba. It divides into two by division of their bodies, each of them gets one nucleus and develops into separate individual. (ii) Budding: In budding, the organism develops a bulge called bud which further develops into an adult organism and separates itself from the parent body to lead an independent life. This type of reproduction is shown in Hydra. The following figure shows budding in Hydra.

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