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Grade: 7

                        

What is insulin? how does it work in our human body? where is it present? In which organ is it stores? what happens due to its lacking?

5 months ago

Answers : (3)

Saurabh Koranglekar
askIITians Faculty
8407 Points
5 months ago
Raman Parjapat
36 Points
							
Insulin is a hormone that is present in pancreas which help to use sugar from carbohydrate that we taken in food. It helps in controlling sugar level from getting too low or high to normal. Sugar is needed by cells for energy but it do not go directly to cells it goes to blood stream and then consumed by cells.If there are more sugar then it is stored in sugar. It is stored in liver and release when needed.If our body does not produce enough insulin or our cells are resistant to effect of insulin, we may develop hyperglycemia.
5 months ago
Yashraj
277 Points
							

Insulin is a hormone that is responsible for allowing glucose in the blood to enter cells, providing them with the energy to function. A lack of effective insulin plays a key role in the development of diabetes.

Hormones are chemical messengers that instruct certain cells or tissues to act in a certain way that supports a particular function in the body.

it is essential for staying alive.

  • speed of onset, or how quickly a person taking insulin can expect the effects to start.
  • peak, or the speed at which the insulin reaches its greatest impact
  • duration, or the time it takes for the insulin to wear off
  • concentration, which in the United States is 100 units per milliliter (U100)
  • the route of delivery, or whether the insulin requires injection under the skin,into a vein, or into the lungs by inhalation.
  • Insulin is a vital hormone that controls how cells and tissues absorb energy as well as the breakdown of fats and proteins.

    Clusters of cells in the pancreas called islets secrete this hormone. When cells in the body respond less to its instructions, insulin resistance is increasing.

    In some people, the immune system attacks the islets, halting insulin production and leading to type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs when insulin resistance coexists with a lack of compensatory increase in insulin production.

    People can take insulin shots to counteract the effects of insulin resistance. There are fast, intermediate, and long-acting insulins that a person would take depending on how quickly they need to see a drop in blood sugar and the duration for which a person needs to control blood sugar.

5 months ago
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