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Study the following passage: Most of the vertebrates have jaws with teeth. The mode of arrangement of teeth on the jaws is called dentition. The various types of teeth seen in mammals are incisors (I) canines (C) premolars (P) and molars (M). They are used for biting, tearing, chewing and grinding respectively. Canines, the tearing teeth are well-developed in carnivores and ill-developed or absent in herbivores. Now answer the following: (i) In frogs, all the teeth in the upper jaw look alike, whereas in human beings they are different. The type of dentition in man can be called ......... (a) Homodont (b) Isodont (c) Heterodont (d) Acrodont (ii) The dental formula of a mammal is written as ICPM=2023/1023. The teeth missing in it are ................ (a) incisors (b) canines (c) premolars (d) molars

Study the following passage:
Most of the vertebrates have jaws with teeth. The mode of arrangement of teeth on the jaws is called dentition.
The various types of teeth seen in mammals are incisors (I) canines (C) premolars (P) and molars (M). They are used for biting, tearing, chewing and grinding respectively.
Canines, the tearing teeth are well-developed in carnivores and ill-developed or absent in herbivores.

Now answer the following:
(i) In frogs, all the teeth in the upper jaw look alike, whereas in human beings they are different. The type of dentition in man can be called .........
(a) Homodont (b) Isodont (c) Heterodont (d) Acrodont
(ii) The dental formula of a mammal is written as ICPM=2023/1023. The teeth missing in it are ................
(a) incisors (b) canines (c) premolars (d) molars

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

Pawan Prajapati
askIITians Faculty 8741 Points
one month ago
(1)Homodont dentition is the type of dentition in which all the teeth in jaw look alike. It is mostly seen in majority of vertebrates such as fish, amphibians like frogs and reptiles. In them, all the teeth are functionally and anatomically of the same type. While in mammals like man, there are functionally four different types of teeth namely, flat incisors for cutting, long and pointed canines for tearing flesh and large and broad premolars and molars with flat and grinding surface. Molars have no counterpart in milk teeth. This type of dentition is known as heterodont dentition. So, the option (c) is correct. (2)Dental formula for mammal is given as ICPM= 1023 2023 ​ . The numerator in the formula indicates number of teeth in one side of the upper jaw, while denominator indicates number of teeth in one side of the lower jaw. The formula indicates that there are 2 incisors, 0 canines, 2 premolars and 3 molars in one side of upper jaw and 1 incisor, 0 canine, 2 premolars and 3 molars in one side of the lower jaw. So, option (b) is the correct answer.

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