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CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Physics 2021 - 2022 Exam


CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus includes 14 chapters that will help you understand the fundamentals of Physics. The CBSE syllabus not only teaches you how concepts of Physics are used in our daily life but also prepares you for higher studies in this subject. You must read the syllabus carefully while preparing for the CBSE board exam for Physics as it will help you keep track of how many topics are to be covered. AskIITians team has created a simplified version of the CBSE Physics syllabus for you that you can download and study at any time. 


Class 12 Physics syllabus includes various important Physics concepts like Coulomb's law,  Ohm's law, Biot - Savart law, Faraday's laws, electric field due to a point charge and dipole, potential difference, capacitance,  electrical resistivity, electromagnetic spectrum and ray optics. The theory examination comprises 70 marks while 30 marks are allocated for practical examination. According to the CBSE Class 12 Physics syllabus, you also have to prepare a project report. 


Chapter-wise CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 


CBSE Class 12 Physics syllabus has 9 units. The 70 marks for theory examination are distributed amongst these units. The CBSE syllabus also provides the time to be devoted for each unit based on its importance and marks. Let us have a look at which chapters are included in these units. 


CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus - Units

Marks Allotted

Unit 1 – Electrostatics



Unit 2 – Current Electricity

Unit 3 – Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism



Unit 4 – Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

Unit 5 – Electromagnetic Waves



Unit 6 – Optics

Unit 7 – Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter



Unit 8 – Atoms and Nuclei

Unit 9 – Electronic Devices



CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus - Unit 1: Electrostatics 


Chapter 1: Electric Charges and Fields 

In this chapter, you will study electric charges at rest, which is also known as electrostatics. You will be learning about electric charges, conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law, Gauss's theorem and its applications, forces between multiple charges, electric field lines and continuous charge distribution. 


Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance 

This chapter relates to Chapter 6 and Chapter 8 of the Class 11 Physics syllabus. In this chapter, you will study how a specific charge is moved in the electric field. This chapter includes concepts like potential difference, conductors, insulators, electric polarisation, the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor and energy stored in a capacitor. 


CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus - Unit 2: Current Electricity 


Chapter 3: Current Electricity 

In this chapter, you will study how electricity generates as charges move. It includes topics like Ohm’s law, Kirchhoff’s law, electrical resistance, electric energy and internal resistance of a cell. You will also be learning about a potentiometer, Wheatstone bridge and metre bridge. 


CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus - Unit 3: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism 


Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

In this chapter, you will learn how a magnetic field exerts a force on moving charges, how current is produced in a magnetic field and the working of a galvanometer. This chapter includes topics like Biot - Savart law, Ampere's law, Oersted’s experiment, and cyclotron. You will study force on a current-carrying conductor, and the concept of a magnetic field. 


Chapter 5: Magnetism and Matter 

In this chapter, you will study bar magnet, Gauss’s law of magnetism, and how we categorise different materials based on their magnetic properties. This chapter will teach you concepts of para-, dia-, and ferromagnetism. Other topics included in this chapter are magnetic field lines, electromagnet, magnetic field intensity, and torque on a magnetic dipole. 


CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus - Unit 4: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents


Chapter 6: Electromagnetic Induction 

Can you imagine a world without electricity? Even the slightest thought of it is scary. This chapter will teach you about a significant phenomenon of electricity and magnetism called electromagnetic induction. You will also learn topics like induced EMF and self and mutual induction. 


Chapter 7: Alternating Current 

This chapter includes topics like LC oscillations, LCR series circuit, power in AC circuits, AC generator and transformer. It also includes concepts of Walt-less current and RMS value of alternating current. 


Download the CBSE Class 12 Physics syllabus from askIITians to know more about the topics to be studied in every chapter. You must study the syllabus carefully and understand the marking scheme of the Physics board exam. Skipping any topic from the syllabus might lead to your lower scores in the exam so make sure you study all the topics completely as mentioned in the online Class 12 Physics CBSE syllabus. 


CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus FAQs


Why should you refer to the Class 12 CBSE syllabus for Physics? 

CBSE syllabus will help you understand the exam pattern and marking scheme for board exams. Sometimes, new topics are added to the curriculum while other times CBSE might remove certain topics from the syllabus. Referring to the syllabus will help you keep track of all the topics. 


Why download the Class 12 CBSE syllabus for Physics from askIITians?

You can easily access the CBSE Class 12 syllabus online at askIITians. Our experts have created a simple, easy to understand the syllabus for you. Our syllabus is based on the latest guidelines by CBSE. 


Are NCERT books enough for CBSE Class 12 Physics syllabus? 

According to CBSE, students must refer to NCERT books for board exams. NCERT books are easy to understand. Moreover, CBSE exams are completely based on NCERT exercises and concepts. 




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