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Chapter 7: Introduction to Euclid’s Geometry Exercise – 7.1

Question: 1

Define the following terms.

(i)  Line segment 

(ii) Collinear points 

(iii) Parallel lines

(iv) Intersecting lines

(v) Concurrent lines

(vi) Ray

(vii) Half-line

Solution:

(i) Line-segment:

Give two points A and B on a line I. the connected part (segment) of the line with end points at A and B is called the line segment AB.

Line-segment:

(ii) Collinear points:

Three or more points are said to be collinear if there is a line which contains all of them.

Collinear points

(iii) Parallel lines:

Two lines l and m in a plane are said to be parallel lines if they do not intersect each other.

Parallel lines

(iv) Intersecting lines:

Two lines are intersecting if they have a common point. The common point is called point of intersection.

Intersecting lines

(v) Concurrent lines:

Three or more lines are said to be concurrent if there is a point which lies on all of them.

 Concurrent lines

(vi) Ray:

A line in which one end point is fixed and the other part can be extended endlessly.

Ray

(vii) Half-line:

If A, B. C be the points on a line l, such that A lies between B and C, and we delete the point A from line l, the two parts of l that remain are each called half-line.

Half-line

 

Question: 2

(i) How many lines can pan through a given point?

(ii) In how many points can two distinct lines at the most intersect?

Solution:

(i) Infinitely many

(ii) One

 

Question: 3

(i) Given two points P and Q. Find how many line segments do they determine.

(ii) Name the line segments determined by the three collinear points P. Q and R.

Solution:

(i) One

(ii) PQ, QR, PR

 

Question: 4

Write the truth value (T/F) of each of the following statements:

(i) Two lines intersect in a point.

(ii) Two lines may intersect in two points

(iii) A segment has no length.

(iv) Two distinct points always determine a line.

(v) Every ray has a finite length.

(vi) A ray has one end-point only.

(vii) A segment has one end-point only.

(viii) The ray AB is same as ray BA.

(ix) Only a single line may pass through a given point.

(x) Two lines are coincident if they have only one point in common

Solution:

(i) False

(ii) False 

(iii) False

(iv) True

(v) False

(vi) True

(vii) False

(viii) False

(ix) False

(x) False

 

Question: 5

In the below figure. Name the following:

Line segments

Solution:

(i) Five line segments AB, CD, AC, PQ. DS

(ii) Five rays

(iii) Four collinear points. C, D, Q, S

(iv) Two pairs of non--intersecting line segments AB and CD, AB and LS.

 

Question: 6

Fill in the blanks so as to make the following statements true:

(i) Two distinct points in a plane determine a _____________ line.

(ii) Two distinct ___________ in a plane cannot have more than one point in common.

(iii) Given a line and a point, not on the line, there is one and only _____________ line which passes through the given point and is _______________ to the given line.

(iv) A line separates a plane into _________ parts namely the __________ and the _____ itself.

Solution:

(i) Unique

(ii) Lines

(iii) Perpendicular, perpendicular

(iv) Three, two half planes, line.


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