Chapter 7: Introduction to Euclid’s Geometry Exercise – 7.1

Question: 1

Define the following terms.

(i)  Line segment 

(ii) Collinear points 

(iii) Parallel lines

(iv) Intersecting lines

(v) Concurrent lines

(vi) Ray

(vii) Half-line


(i) Line-segment:

Give two points A and B on a line I. the connected part (segment) of the line with end points at A and B is called the line segment AB.


(ii) Collinear points:

Three or more points are said to be collinear if there is a line which contains all of them.

Collinear points

(iii) Parallel lines:

Two lines l and m in a plane are said to be parallel lines if they do not intersect each other.

Parallel lines

(iv) Intersecting lines:

Two lines are intersecting if they have a common point. The common point is called point of intersection.

Intersecting lines

(v) Concurrent lines:

Three or more lines are said to be concurrent if there is a point which lies on all of them.

 Concurrent lines

(vi) Ray:

A line in which one end point is fixed and the other part can be extended endlessly.


(vii) Half-line:

If A, B. C be the points on a line l, such that A lies between B and C, and we delete the point A from line l, the two parts of l that remain are each called half-line.



Question: 2

(i) How many lines can pan through a given point?

(ii) In how many points can two distinct lines at the most intersect?


(i) Infinitely many

(ii) One


Question: 3

(i) Given two points P and Q. Find how many line segments do they determine.

(ii) Name the line segments determined by the three collinear points P. Q and R.


(i) One

(ii) PQ, QR, PR


Question: 4

Write the truth value (T/F) of each of the following statements:

(i) Two lines intersect in a point.

(ii) Two lines may intersect in two points

(iii) A segment has no length.

(iv) Two distinct points always determine a line.

(v) Every ray has a finite length.

(vi) A ray has one end-point only.

(vii) A segment has one end-point only.

(viii) The ray AB is same as ray BA.

(ix) Only a single line may pass through a given point.

(x) Two lines are coincident if they have only one point in common


(i) False

(ii) False 

(iii) False

(iv) True

(v) False

(vi) True

(vii) False

(viii) False

(ix) False

(x) False


Question: 5

In the below figure. Name the following:

Line segments


(i) Five line segments AB, CD, AC, PQ. DS

(ii) Five rays

(iii) Four collinear points. C, D, Q, S

(iv) Two pairs of non--intersecting line segments AB and CD, AB and LS.


Question: 6

Fill in the blanks so as to make the following statements true:

(i) Two distinct points in a plane determine a _____________ line.

(ii) Two distinct ___________ in a plane cannot have more than one point in common.

(iii) Given a line and a point, not on the line, there is one and only _____________ line which passes through the given point and is _______________ to the given line.

(iv) A line separates a plane into _________ parts namely the __________ and the _____ itself.


(i) Unique

(ii) Lines

(iii) Perpendicular, perpendicular

(iv) Three, two half planes, line.


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