Chapter 18: Surface Area and Volume of a Cuboid and Cube Exercise – 18.2

Question: 1A cuboidal water tank is 6 m long, 5 m wide and 4.5 m deep. How many liters of water can it hold?

Solution:Given data:

Length (l) = 6 m

Breadth (b) = 5 m

Height (h) = 4.5 m

Volume of the tank = l * b * h

= 6 * 5 * 4.5

= 135 m

^{3}It is given that,

1m

^{3}= 1000 litersTherefore, 135m

^{3}= (135 ∗ 1000) liters= 135000 liters

The tank can hold 1, 35, 000 liters of water.

Question: 2A cuboidal vessel is 10 m long and 8 m wide. How high must it be made to hold 380 cubic meters of a liquid?

Solution:Given that

Length of the vessel (l) = 10 m

Width of the Cuboidal vessel = 8 m

Let 'h' be the height of the cuboidal vessel.

Volume of the vessel = 380 m

^{3}Therefore, l ∗ b ∗ h = 380 m

^{3}⇒ 10 ∗ 8 ∗ h = 380

⇒ h = 4.75 m

Therefore, height of the vessel should be 4.75 m.

Question: 3Find the cost of digging a cuboidal pit 8 m long, 6 m broad and 3 m deep at the rate of Rs 30 per m

^{3}

Solution:Given,

Length of the cuboidal pit (l) = 8 m

Breadth of the cuboidal pit (b) = 6 m

Depth of the cuboidal pit (h) = 3 m

Volume of the Cuboidal pit = l * b * h

= 8 * 6 * 3

= 144 m

^{3}Cost of digging 1m

^{3}= Rs. 30Cost of digging 144m

^{3}= 144 * 30 = Rs.4320

Question: 4If V is the volume of a cuboid of dimensions a, b, c and S is its surface area, then prove that 1/V = 2/S (1/a + 1/b + 1/c)

Solution:Given Data:

Length of the cube (l) = a

Breadth of the cube (b) = b

Height of the cube (h) = c

Volume of the cube (V) = l * b * h

= a * b * c

= abc

Surface area of the cube (S) = 2 (lb + bh + hl)

= 2(ab + bc + ca)

Hence Proved.

Question: 5The areas of three adjacent faces of a cuboid are x, y and z. If the volume is V, Prove that V

^{2}= xyz.

Solution:Let a, b and d be the length, breadth, and height of the cuboid.

Then, x = ab

y = bc

z = ca

and V = abc [V = l * b * h]

= xyz = ab * bc * ca = (abc)

^{2}and V = abc

V

^{2}= (abc)^{2}Therefore,V

^{2}= (xyz)

Question: 6If the areas of three adjacent face of a cuboid are 8 cm

^{3}, 18 cm^{3}and 25 cm^{3}. Find the volume of the cuboid.

Solution:WKT, if x, y, z denote the areas of three adjacent faces of a cuboid.

= x = l * b, y = b * h, z = l * h

Volume (V) is given by

V = l * b * h

Now, xyz = lb * bh * hl = V

^{2}Here x = 8

y = 18

z = 25

Therefore, V

^{2}= 8 ∗ 18 ∗ 25 = 3600⇒ V = 60 cm

^{3}

Question: 7The breadth of a room is twice its height, one half of its length and the volume of the room is 512 cu. dm. Find its dimensions.

Solution:Consider l, b and h are the length, breadth and height of the room.

So, b = 2h and b = (1/2)l

⇒ l/2 = 2h

⇒ l = 4h

⇒ l = 4h, b = 2h

Now, Volume = 512 dm

^{3}⇒ 4h ∗ 2h ∗ h = 512

⇒ h

^{3}= 64⇒ h = 4

So, Length of the room (l) = 4h = 4 * 4 = 16 dm

Breadth of the room (b) = 2h = 2 * 4 = 8 dm

And Height of the room (h) = 4 dm.

Question: 8A river 3m deep and 40 m wide is flowing at the rate of 2 km per hour. How much water will fall into the sea in a minute?

Solution:Radius of the water flow = 2 km per hour = (2000/60) m/min

= (100/3) m/min

Depth of the river (h) = 3 m

Width of the river (b) = 40 m

Volume of the water flowing in 1 min = 100/3 ∗ 40 ∗ 3 = 4000

^{3}Thus, 1 minute 4000m

^{3}= 4000000 litres of water will fall in the sea.

Question: 9Water in a canal 30 dm wide and 12 dm deep, is flowing with a velocity of 100 km every hour. What much area will it irrigate in 30 minutes if 8 cm of standing water is desired?

Solution:Given that,

Water in the canal forms a cuboid of Width (b) = 30 dm = 3 m

Height (h) = 12 dm = 1.2 m

Cuboid length is equal to the distance traveled in 30 min with the speed of 100 km per hour.

Therefore, Length of the cuboid = 100∗30/60 = 60 km = 50000 metres

So, volume of water to be used for irrigation = 5000 * 3 * 1.2 m

^{3}Water accumulated in the field forms a cuboid of base area equal to the area of the field and height equal to 8/100 metres

Therefore, Area of field∗8/100 = 50000 ∗ 3 ∗ 1.2

⇒ 22, 50, 000 metres.

Question: 10Three metal cubes with edges 6cm, 8cm, 10cm respectively are melted together and formed into a single cube. Find the volume, surface area and diagonal of the new cube.

Solution:Let ‘a’ be the length of each edge of the new cube.

Then a

^{3}= (6^{3}+ 8^{3}+ 10^{3}) cm^{3}⇒ a

^{3}= 1728⇒ a = 12

Therefore, Volume of the new cube = a

^{3}= 1728 cm^{3}Surface area of the new cube = 6a

^{2}= 6 ∗ (12)^{2}= 864 cm^{2}Diagonal of the newly formed cube = √3 a = 12√3 cm

Question: 11Two cubes, each of volume 512 cm

^{3}are joined end to end. Find the surface area of the resulting cuboid.

Solution:Given that,

Volume of the cube = 512 cm

^{3}⇒ side

^{3 }= 512⇒ side

^{3}= 8^{3}⇒ side = 8 cm

Dimensions of the new cuboid formed

Length (l) = 8 + 8 = 16 cm, Breadth (b) = 8 cm, Height (h) = 8 cm

Surface area = 2(lb + bh + hl)

= 2(16 * 8 + 8 * 8 + 16 * 8)

= 640 cm

^{2}Therefore, Surface area is 640 cm

^{2}.

Question: 12Half cubic meter of gold-sheet is extended by hammering so as to cover an area of 1 hectare. Find the thickness of the gold-sheet.

Solution:Given that, Volume of gold-sheet = 0.5 m

^{3}Area of the gold-sheet = 1 hectare = 1*10000 = 10000 m

^{2}Therefore,

⇒ 0.5 m

^{3}/1 Hectare⇒ 0.5 m

^{3}/10000 m^{2}⇒ 100 m/20000

Therefore, Thickness of silver sheet = 1/200 cm

Question: 13A metal cube of edge 12 cm is melted and formed into three smaller cubes. If the edges of the two smaller cubes are 6cm and 8cm, find the edge of the third smaller cube.

Solution:Volume of the large cube = v

_{1}+ v_{2}+ v_{3}Let the edge of the third cube be 'x' cm

12

^{3}= 6^{3}+ 8^{3}+ a^{3}[Volume of cube = side^{3}]1728 = 216 + 512 + x

^{3}⇒ x

^{3}= 1728 − 728 = 1000⇒ x = 10 cm

Therefore, Side of third side = 10 cm

Question: 14The dimensions of a cinema hall are 100 m, 50 m, 18 m. How many persons can sit in the hall, if each person requires 150 m

^{3}of air?

Solution:Given that

Volume of cinema hall = 100 * 50 * 18 m

^{3}Volume of air required by each person = 150 m

^{3}Therefore, number of persons who can sit in the hall = 600 members.

Question: 15Given that 1 cubic cm of marble weighs 0.25 kg, the weight of marble block 28 cm in width and 5 cm thick is 112 kg. Find the length of the block.

Solution:Let the length of the marble block be 'l' cm

Volume of the marble block = l * b * h cm

^{3}= l * 28 * 5 cm

^{3}Therefore, weight of the marble square = 140l * 0.25 kg

As mentioned in the question, weight of the marble = 112 kgs

Therefore,

= 112 = 140l * 0.25

Question: 16A box with lid is made of 2 cm thick wood. Its external length, breadth and height are 25 cm, 18 cm and 15 cm respectively. How much cubic cm of a fluid can be placed in it? Also, find the volume of the wood used in it.

Solution:Given,

The external dimensions of cuboid are as follows

Length (l) = 25 cm

Breadth (b) = 18 cm

Height (h) = 15 cm

External volume of the case with cover (cuboid) = l * b * h cm

^{3}= 25 * 18 * 15 cm

^{3}= 6750 cm

^{3}Now, the internal dimensions of the cuboid is as follows

Length (l) = 25 - (2 * 2) = 21 cm

Breadth (b) = 18 - (2 * 2) = 14 cm

Height (h) = 15 - (2 * 2) = 11cm

Now, Internal volume of the case with cover (cuboid) = l * b * h cm

^{3}= 21 * 14 * 11 cm

^{3}= 3234 cm

^{3}Therefore, Volume of the fluid that can be placed = 3234 cm

^{3}Now, volume of the wood utilized = External volume – Internal volume

= 3516 cm

^{3}

Question: 17The external dimensions of a closed wooden box are 48 cm, 36 cm, 30 cm. The box is made of 1.5 cm thick wood. How many bricks of size 6 cm × 3 cm × 0.75 cm can be put in this box?

Solution:Given that,

The external dimensions of the wooden box are as follows:

Length (l) = 48 cm, Breadth (b) = 36 cm, Height (h) = 30 cm

Now, the internal dimensions of the wooden box are as follows:

Length (l) = 48 - (2 * 1.5) = 45 cm

Breadth (b) = 36 - (2 * 1.5) = 33 cm

Height (h) = 30 - (2 * 1.5) = 27 cm

Internal volume of the wooden box = l * b * h cm

^{3}= 45 * 33 * 27 cm

^{3}= 40095 cm

^{3}Volume of the brick = 6*3*0.75 = 13.5 cm

^{3}Therefore, Number of bricks = 40095/13.5 = 2970 bricks

Therefore, 2970 bricks can be kept inside the wooden box.

Question: 18How many cubic centimeters of iron are there in an open box whose external dimensions are 36 cm, 25 cm and 16.5 cm, the iron being 1.5 cm thick throughout? If 1 cubic cm of iron weighs 15 gms. Find the weight of the empty box in kg.

Solution:Given,

Outer dimensions of iron:

Length (l) = 36 cm

Breadth (b) = 25 cm

Height (h) = 16.5 cm

Inner dimensions of iron:

Length (l) = 36 - (2*1.5) = 33 cm

Breadth (b) = 25 - (2*1.5) = 22 cm

Height (h) = 16.5 - 1.5 = 15 cm

Volume of Iron = Outer volume – Inner volume

= (36 * 25 * 16.5) – (33 * 22 * 15)

= 3960 cm

^{3}Weight of Iron = 3960 * 15 = 59400 grams = 59.4 kgs

Question: 19A cube of 9 cm edge is immersed completely in a rectangular vessel containing water. If the dimensions of the base are 15 cm and 12 cm, find the rise in water level in the vessel.

Solution:Volume of the cube = S

^{3}= 9^{3}= 729 cm^{3}Area of the base = l * b = 15 * 12 = 180 cm

^{2}= 729/180

= 4.05 cm

Question: 20A rectangular container, whose base is a square of side 5cm, stands on a horizontal table, and holds water up to 1cm from the top. When a solid cube is placed in the water it is completely submerged, the water rises to the top and 2 cubic cm of water overflows. Calculate the volume of the cube and also the length of its edge.

Solution:Let the length of each edge of the cube be ‘x’cm

Then, volume of the cube = Volume of water inside the tank + Volume of water that overflowed

x

^{3}= (5 ∗ 5 ∗ 1) + 2x

^{3}= 27x = 3 cm

Hence, volume of the cube = 27 cm

^{3}And edge of the cube = 3 cm

Question: 21A field is 200 m long and 150 m broad. There is a plot, 50 m long and 40 m broad, near the field. The plot is dug 7m deep and the earth taken out is spread evenly on the field. By how many meters is the level of the field raised? Give the answer to the second place of decimal.

Solution:Volume of the earth dug out = 50 * 40 * 7 = 14000 m

^{3}Let 'h' be the rise in the height of the field

Therefore, volume of the field (cuboidal) = Volume of the earth dug out

⇒ 200 ∗ 150 ∗ h = 14000

Question: 22A field is in the form of a rectangular length 18m and width 15m. A pit 7.5m long, 6m broad and 0.8m deep, is dug in a corner of the field and the earth taken out is spread over the remaining area of the field. Find out the extent to which the level of the field has been raised.

Solution:Let 'h' metres be the rise in the level of field

Volume of earth taken out from the pit = 7.5 * 6 * 0.8 = 36 m

^{3}Area of the field on which the earth taken out is to be spread = 18 * 15 - 7.5 * 6 = 225 m

^{2}Now, Area of the field * h = Volume of the earth taken out from the pit

⇒ 225 ∗ h = 7.5 ∗ 6 ∗ 0.8

⇒ h = 36/225 = 0.16 m = 16 cm

Question: 23A rectangular tank is 80 m long and 25 m broad. Water flows into it through a pipe whose cross-section is 25 cm

^{2}, at the rate of 16 km per hour. How much the level of the water rises in the tank in 45 minutes?

Solution:Consider 'h' be the rise in water level.

Volume of water in rectangular tank = 8000 * 2500 * h cm

^{2}Cross-sectional area of the pipe = 25 cm

^{2}Water coming out of the pipe forms a cuboid of base area 25 cm

^{2}and length equal to the distance travelled in 45 minutes with the speed 16 km/houri.e., length = Length = 16000 ∗ 100 ∗ 45/60 cm

Therefore, The Volume of water coming out pipe in 45 minutes = 25 * 16000 * 100 * (45/60)

Now, volume of water in the tank = Volume of water coming out of the pipe in 45 minutes

⇒ 8000 ∗ 2500 ∗ h = 16000 ∗ 100 ∗ 45/60 ∗ 25

Question: 24Water in a rectangular reservoir having base 80 m by 60 m is 6.5m deep. In what time can the water be pumped by a pipe of which the cross-section is a square of side 20 cm if the water runs through the pipe at the rate of 15km/hr.

Solution:Flow of water = 15 km/hr

= 15000 m/hr

Volume of water coming out of the pipe in one hour,

⇒ 20/100 ∗ 20/100 ∗ 15000 = 600 m

^{3}Volume of the tank = 80 * 60 * 6.5

= 31200 m

^{3}= 31200/600 = 52 hours

Question: 25A village having a population of 4000 requires 150 liters of water per head per day. It has a tank measuring 20 m × 15 m × 6 m. For how many days will the water of this tank last?

Solution:Given that,

Length of the cuboidal tank (l) = 20 m

Breadth of the cuboidal tank (b) = 15 m

Height of the cuboidal tank (h) = 6 m

Capacity of the tank = l * b * h = 20 * 15 * 6

= 1800 m

^{3}= 1800000 litres

Water consumed by the people of village in one day = 4000 *150 litres

= 600000 litres

Let water of this tank last for 'n' days

Therefore, water consumed by all people of village in n days = Capacity of the tank

= n*600000 = 1800000

= n = 1800000/600000 = 3

Thus, the water will last for 3 days in the tank.

Question: 26A child playing with building blocks, which are of the shape of the cubes, has built a structure as shown in Fig. 18.12. If the edge of each cube is 3cm, find the volume of the structure built by the child.

Solution:Volume of each cube = edge * edge * edge

= 3 * 3 * 3

= 27 cm

^{3}Number of cubes in the structure = 15

Therefore, volume of the structure = 27*15

= 405 cm

^{3}

Question: 27A godown measures 40 m × 25 m × 10 m. Find the maximum number of wooden crates each measuring 1.5 m × 1.25 m × 0.5 m that can be stored in the godown.

Solution:Given,

Godown length (l

_{1}) = 40 mGodown breadth (b

_{1}) = 25 mGodown height (h

_{1}) = 10 mVolume of the godown = l

_{1 }* b_{1 }* h_{1 }= 40 * 25 * 10= 10000 m

^{3}Wooden crate length (l

_{2}) = 1.5 mWooden crate breadth (b

_{2}) = 1.25 mWooden crate height (h

_{2}) = 0.5 mVolume of the wooden crate = l

_{2 }* b_{2 }* h_{2 }= 1.5 * 1.25 * 0.5= 0.9375 m

^{3}The number of wooden crates stored in the godown is taken as 'n'

Volume of 'n' wooden crates = Volume of godown

= 0.9375 n = 10000

= n = 10000/0.9375 = 10666.66

Therefore, the number of wooden crates that can be stored in the godown is 10666.66.

Question: 28A wall of length 10 m was to be built across an open ground. The height of the wall is 4m and thickness of the wall is 24 cm. If this wall is to be built up with bricks whose dimensions are 24 cm × 12 cm × 8 cm, how many bricks would be required?

Solution:Given that,

The wall with all its bricks makes up space occupies by it, we need to find the volume of the wall, which is nothing but cuboid.

Here, length = 10 m = 1000 cm

Thickness = 24 cm

Height = 4 m = 400 cm

Therefore, volume of the wall = l * b * h

= 1000 * 24 * 400 cm

^{3}Now, each brick is a cuboid with length = 24 cm

Breadth = 12 cm

Height = 8 cm

So, volume of each brick = l * b * h = 24 * 12 * 8 = 2304 cm

^{3}The number of bricks required is given by,

So, the wall requires 4167 bricks.