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```Chapter 13: Linear Equation in Two Variables Exercise – 13.4

Question: 1

Give the geometric representations of the following equations

(a) on the number line (b) on the Cartesian plane:

(i) x = 2

(ii) y + 3 = 0

(iii) y = 3

(iv) 2x + 9 = 0

(v) 3x - 5 = 0

Solution:

(i) We are given, x = 2

The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable. The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to y axis passing through-the point (2, 0) is shown below (ii)  We are given, y + 3 = 0

We get, Y = – 3

The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable. The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to x axis passing through the point A(0, –3) is shown below (iii) we are given. y = 3

The representation of the solution on the number line. when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable. The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to x axis passing through the point (0, 3) is shown below (iv) We are given, 2x + 9 = 0

We get, 2x = - 9

The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable. The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to y axis passing through the point (-9/2, 0) is shown below (v) We are given, 3x - 5 = 0

We get, 3x = 5

The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable. The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to y axis passing through-the point (5, 0) is shown below Question: 2

Give the geometrical representation of 2x + 13 = 0 as an equation in

(i) one variable (ii) two variables

Solution:

We are given,

2x + 13 = 0

We get,

2x = -13

x = -13/2

The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable. The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to y axis passing through the point (-13/2, 0) is shown below.

Question: 3

Solve the equation 3x + 2 = x - 8, and represent the solution on

(i) the number line

(ii) the Cartesian plane.

Solution:

We are given,

3x + 2 = x - 8

we get,

3x - x = - 8 - 2

2x = - 10

x = - 5

The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable. The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to y axis passing through the point (- 5, 0) is shown below Question: 4

Write the equation of the line that is parallel to x-axis and passing through the points

(i) (0, 3)

(ii) (0, - 4)

(iii) (2, – 5)

(iv) (3, 4)

Solution:

(i) We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (0, 3).

For the equation of the line parallel to x axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation

independent of x containing y equal to 3.

We get the equation as y = 3

(ii) We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (0,- 4).

For the equation of the line parallel to x axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation

Independent of x containing y equal to - 4.

We get the equation as y = - 4

(iii) We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (2, – 5).

For the equation of the line parallel to x axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation

independent of x containing y equal to - 5.

We get the equation as y = - 5

(iv) We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (3, 4).

For the equation of the line parallel to x axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation

independent of x containing y equal to 4.

We get the equation as

y = 4

Question: 5

Write the equation of the line that is parallel to y-axis and passing through the Points

(i) (4, 0)

(ii) (- 2, 0)

(iii) (3, 5)

(iv) (- 4, - 3)

Solution:

(i) We are given the coordinates of the Cartesian plane at (4, 0)

For the equation of the line parallel to y axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation

independent of y containing x equal to 4

We get the equation as y = 3

(ii) We are given the coordinates of the Cartesian plane at (-2, 0)

For the equation of the line parallel to y axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation

independent of y containing x equal to - 2

We get the equation as y = - 4

(iii) We are given the coordinates of the Cartesian plane at (3, 5)

For the equation of the line parallel to y axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation

independent of y containing x equal to 3

We get the equation as y = -5

(iv) We are given the coordinates of the Cartesian plane at (- 4, -3)

For the equation of the line parallel to y axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation

independent of y containing x equal to - 4

We get the equation as y = 4
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