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5 pens and 6 pencils together cost Rs 9 and 3 pens and 2 pencils cost Rs 5. Find the cost of 1 pen and 1 pencil.
Let the cost of a pen be Rs x and that of a pencil be Rs y. Then,
5x + 6y = 9 …(i)
3x + 2y = 5 …(ii)
Multiplying equation(i) by 2 and equation (ii) by 6, we get
10x + 12y = 18 (iii)
18x + 12y = 30 (iv)
Subtracting equation(iii) by equation(iv), we get
18x - 10x + 12y - 12y = 30 – 18
8x = 12
Substituting x =1.5 in equation(i), we get
5 × 1.5 + 6y = 9
7.5 + 6y = 9
6y = 1.5
Hence, cost of one pen = Rs. 1.50 and cost of one pencil = Rs. 0.25
7 audio cassettes and 3 videocassettes cost Rs. 1110, while 5 audio cassettes and 4 videocassettes cost Rs. 1350. Find the cost of audio cassettes and a video cassette.
Let the cost of a audio cassette be Rs. X and that of a video cassette be Rs. y. Then,
7x + 3y = 1110 …(i)
5x + 4y = 1350 …(ii)
Multiplying equation(i) by 4 and equation(ii) by 3, we get
28x + 12y = 4440 …(iii)
15x + 4y = 4050 …(iv)
Subtracting equation (iv) from equation(iii) we get
28x - 13x + 12y - 12y = 4440 - 4050
13x = 390
Substituting x = 30 in equation (i), we get
7 × 30 + 3y = 1110
210 + 3y = 1110
3y = 1110 - 210
3y = 900
y = 9003 = 300
Hence, cost of one audio cassette = Rs. 30 and cost of one video cassette = Rs. 300
Reena has pens and pencils which together are 40 in number. If she has 5 more pencils and 5 fewer pens, then the number of pencils would become 4 times the number of pens. Find the original number of pens and pencils.
Let the number of pens be x and that of pencil be y, then,
x + y = 40 …(i)
and (y + 5) = 4((x - 5)
y + 5 = 4x - 20
5 + 20 = 4x - y
4x - y = 25 …(ii)
Adding equation (i) and equation(ii), we get
x + 4x = 40 + 25
5x = 65
Putting x = 13 in equation (i), we get
13 + y = 40
y = 40 - 13 - 27
Hence, Reena has 13 pens 27 pencils.
4 tables and 3 chairs, together, cost Rs. 2250 and 3 tables and 4 chairs cost Rs. 1950. Find the cost of 2 chairs and 1 table.
Let the cost of 1 table is Rs. x and cost of 1 chair is Rs. y. Then, by the given question, 4x + 3y = 2250 ———— (1) 3x + 4y = 1950 ———— (2) Multiplying (1) with 3 and (2) with 4 we get, 12x + 9y = 6750 ———– (3) 12x + 16y = 7800 ———- (4) Now subtracting (4) from (3) we get, -7y = -1050 or, y = 150 Then, x = (1950 - 4 × 150)/3 = (1950 - 600)/3 = 1350/3 = 450 ∴, The total cost of 2 chairs and 1 table is: 2y + x = 2 × 150 + 450 = 300 + 450 = 750
3 bags and 4 pens together cost Rs 257 whereas 4 bags and 3 pens together cost Rs. 324. Find the total cost of 1 bag and 10 pens.
Let the cost of a bag be Rs. x and that of a pen be Rs. y. Then,
3x + 4y = 257 … (i)
and, 4x + 3y = 324 … (ii)
Multiplying equation (i) by 3 and equation (ii) by 4, we get
9x + 12y = 770 … (iii)
16x + 12y = 1296 … (iv)
Subtracting equation (iii) by equation (iv), we get
16x - 9x = 1296 - 771
7x = 525
Cost of a pen = Rs. 75
Putting x = 75 in equation (i), we get
3 × 75 + 4y = 257
225 + 4y = 257
4y = 257-225
4y = 32
Therefore, Cost of a pen = Rs. 8
Therefore, Cost of 10 pens = 8 × 10 = Rs. 80
Hence, the total cost of 1 bag and 10 pens = 75 + 80 = Rs. 155.
5 books and 7 pens together cost Rs. 79 whereas 7 books and 5 pens together cost Rs. 77. Find the total cost of 1 book and 2 pens.
Let the cost of a book be Rs. x and that of a pen be Rs. y .Then,
5x + 7y = 79 … (i)
and, 7x + 5y = 77 … (ii)
Multiplying equation (i) by 5 and equation (ii) by 7, we get
25 + 35y = 395 … (iii)
49x + 35y = 539 … (iv)
49x - 25x = 539 - 395
24x = 144
Therefore, cost of a book = Rs. 6
Putting x = 6 in equation (i), we get
5 × 6 + 7y = 79
30 + 7y = 79
7y = 79 - 30
7y = 49
Therefore, cost of a pen = Rs. 7
Therefore, cost of 2 pens = 2 × 7 = Rs. 14
Hence, the total cost of 1 book and 2 pens = 6 + 14 = Rs. 20
Jamila sold a table and a chair for Rs 1050, thereby making a profit of 10% on the table and 25% on the chair. If she had taken a profit of 25% on the table and 10% on the chair she would have got Rs 1065. Find the cost price of each.
Let the cost price of the table be Rs x and the cost price of the chair be Rs y.
The selling price of the table, when it is sold at a profit of 10% = Rs x + 10x/100 = 110x/100
The selling price of the chair when it is sold at a profit of 25% = Rs y + 25y/100 = 125y/100
So, 110x/100 + 125y/100 = 1050 … (1)
When the table is sold at a profit of 25%, its selling price = Rs (x + 25x/100) = Rs 125x/100
When the chair is sold at a profit of 10%, its selling price = Rs (y + 10y/100) = Rs 110y/100
So, 125x/100 + 110y/100 = 1065 … (2)
Solve (1) and (2), to get x = 500 and y = 400
Hence, the cost price of the table is Rs 500 and the cost price of the chair is Rs 400.
Susan invested a certain amount of money in two schemes A and B, which offer interest at the rate of 8% and 9% per annum respectively. She received Rs 1860 as annual interest. However, if she had interchanged the amounts of investment in the two schemes, she would have received Rs 20 more as annual interest. How much money did she invest in each scheme?
Let Susan invest Rs x in scheme A at the rate 8% per annum
And Rs y in scheme B at the rate 9% per annum
According to the given conditions,
8x + 9y = 1860 … (i)
9x + 8y = 1860 + 20 … (ii)
Multiplying (i) by 9 and by 8, we get
72x + 81y = 16740 … (iii)
72x + 64y = 15040 … (iv)
Subtracting (iv) from (iii)
Therefore, 17y = 1700
y = 100
Substituting the value of y in (i), we get
8x + 9 × 100 = 1860
Therefore, 8x = 1860 - 900
8x = 960
x = 120
Therefore, Susan invested Rs.120 in the scheme A and Rs.100 in the scheme B.
The coach of a cricket team buys 7 bats and 6 balls for Rs 3800. Later, she buys 3 bats and 5 balls for Rs 1750. Find the cost of each bat and each ball.
Let cost of each bat =Rs x
And, Cost of each ball = Rs y
Given that coach of a cricket team buys 7 bats and 6 balls for Rs 3800.
So that 7x + 6y = 3800
6y = 3800 - 7x
Divide by 6 we get
y = (3800 – 7x) /6 … (1)
Given that she buys 3 bats and 5 balls for Rs 1750.so that
3x + 5y = 1750
Plug the value of y
3x + 5 ((3800 – 7x)/6) = 1750
Multiply by 6 we get
18x + 19000 – 35x = 10500
-17x = 10500 – 19000
-17x = -8500
x = – 8500/– 17
x = 500
Put this value in equation first we get
y = (3800 – 7 * 500) / 6
y = 300/6
y = 50
Hence cost of each bat = Rs 500 and cost of each balls is Rs 50
A lending library has a fixed charge for the first three days and an additional charge for each day thereafter. Saritha paid Rs 27 for a book kept for seven days, while Susy paid Rs 21 for the book she kept for five days. Find the fixed charge and the charge for each extra day.
Let the fixed charge for first three days and each day charge thereafter be Rs x and Rs y respectively. According to the question, x + 4y = 27 … (i) x + 2y = 21 … (ii) Subtracting equation (ii) from equation (i), we get 2y = 6 y = 3 … (iii) Putting in equation (i), we get x + 12 =27 x = 15 Hence, fixed charge = Rs 15 and Charge per day = Rs 3.
The cost of 4 pens and 4 pencil boxes is Rs 100. Three times the cost of a pen is Rs 15 more than the cost of a pencil box. Form the pair of linear equations for the above situation. Find the cost of a pen and a pencil box.
Let price of pens be = Rs. x let price of pencil boxes = Rs. y 4x + 4y = 100 …..1 3x - y = 15 …... 2 so using (1) and (2)
4x + 4y = 100
4{3x – y = 15}
So equation becomes
12x - 4y = 60
It becomes
16x = 160
x = Rs.10
Substituting this value in (1)
40 + 4y = 100
So, y = Rs. 15
One says, “Give me a hundred, friend! I shall be twice as rich as you.” The other replies, “If you give me ten, I shall be six times as rich as you,”. Tell me the amount of their respective capital.
Suppose two friends were having Rs x and y with them. as per condition given in the question, we obtain x + 100 = 2(y − 100) x + 100 = 2y − 200 x − 2y = −300 ... (i) and 6(x − 10) = (y + 10) 6x − 60 = y + 10 6x − y = 70 ... (ii) Multiplying equation (ii) by 2, we obtain 12x − 2y = 140 ... (iii) Subtracting equation (i) from equation (iii), we obtain 11x = 140 + 300 11x = 440 x = 40 Using this in equation (i), we obtain 40 − 2y = −300 40 + 300 = 2y 2y = 340 y = 170 Therefore, those friends had Rs 40 and Rs 170 with them respectively.
A and B have a certain number of mangoes. A says to B “If you give 30 of your mangoes I will have twice as many left with you.” B replies, ” If you give me 10, I will have thrice as many as left with you. How many mangoes does each have?
Assume A has x mangoes and B has y mangoes. (x + 30) = 2(y - 30) …….. (Eq. 1) à x = 2y - 90 3(x - 10) = (y + 10) …….. (Eq. 2)
à 3x = y + 40 à 3(2y - 90) = y + 40 (using x from Eq. 1) à 6y - y = 310 à y = 62 So, x = 124 - 90 = 34 Answer: A has 34 mangoes and B has 62 mangoes.
Vijay had some bananas and he divided them into 2 lots A and B. He sold the first lot Rs 2 for 3 bananas and the 2nd lot Rs 1 per banana and got a total of Rs 400. If he had sold the first lot Rs 1 per banana and the 2nd lot Rs 4 for 5 bananas, his total collection would have been Rs 460. Find the total no. of bananas he had?
Let the number of bananas in lot A be x and in lot B be y.
Condition I:
In lot A, cost of 3 bananas = Rs. 2
Therefore, In lot A, cost of x bananas
In lot B, cost of 1 banana = Re. 1
Therefore, In lot B, cost of y bananas = Rs. y
Total cost of lot A and lot B = Rs. 400
Therefore, 2x/3 + y = 400
Therefore, 2x + 3y = 1200 … (1)
Condition II:
In lot A, cost of 1 banana = Rs. 1
Therefore, In lot A, cost of x bananas = Rs. x
In lot B, cost of 5 bananas = Rs. 4
Therefore, In lot B, cost of y bananas
Total cost of lot A and lot B = Rs. 460
Therefore, 5x + 4y = 2300 … (2)
Multiplying equation (1) by 5, we get
10x + 15 y = 6000 … (3)
Multiplying equation (2) by 2, we get
10x + 8y = 4600 … (4)
Subtracting eq. (3) from eq. (4)
We get, – 7y = –1400
Substituting the value of y in (1), we get
2x + 3 × 200 = 1200
Therefore, 2x = 1200 – 600
Number of bananas in lot A = 300
Number of bananas in lot B = 200
Therefore, total number of bananas = 300 + 200 = 500
On selling a T.V. at 5% gain and a fridge at 10% gain shop keeper gain Rs. 2000 but if he sells the T.V. at 10% gain in the fridge at 5% loss. He gains Rs. 1500 on the transaction. Find the actual price of T.V. and fridge.
To solve these questions, you can form simultaneous equations: First let price of T.V. be x and that of the fridge be y 5% gain on chair = 5/100x = 0.05x 10% gain on fridge = 10/100y = 0.1y Therefore 0.05x + 0.1 y = 2000(total profit)…..first equation(hence 5x + 10y = 200000)
10% gain on T.V. = 10/100x = 0.1x 5% loss on fridge = -5/100y = – 0.05y
Therefore 0.1x – 0.05y = 1500……our second equation (hence, 5y = 10x - 150000…y = (10x-150000)/5….y = 2x - 30000 solve by substitution: y = 2x - 30000 5x + 10y = 200000 5x + 10(2x - 30000) = 200000 5x + 20x - 300000 = 200000 25x = 500000 x = 20000 y = 2x - 30000 = 2(20000) - 30000 = 40000 - 30000 = 10000
Therefore, the price of the T.V. = Rs. 20,000 price of the fridge = Rs. 10,000
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Chapter 3: Pair of Linear Equations in Two...