**Chapter 15: Areas Related To Circles Exercise – 15.3**

**Question: 1**

**AB is a chord of a circle with center O and radius 4 cm. AB is of length 4 cm and divides the circle into two segments. Find the area of the minor segment.**

**Solution:**

Given data: Radius of the circle with center 'O', r = 4 cm = OA = OB

Length of the chord AB = 4 cm

OAB is an equilateral triangle and angle AOB = 60° + θ

Angle subtended at centre θ = 60°

Area of the segment (Shaded region) = (Area of sector) - (Area of triangle AOB)

On solving the above equation, we get, = 58.67 - 6.92 = 51.75 cm^{2}

Therefore, the required area of the segment is 51.75 cm^{2}

**Question: 2**

A chord PQ of length 12 cm subtends an angle 120 at the center of a circle. Find the area of the minor segment cut off by the chord PQ.

**Solution:**

We know that, Area of the segment

We have, ∠POQ = 120 and PQ = 12cm

PL = PQ × (0.5) = 12 × 0.5 = 6 cm

Since, ∠POQ = 120

∠POL = ∠QOL = 60

In triangle OPQ, we have

Now using the value of r and angle θ. We will find the area of minor segment.

**Question: 3**

A chord of circle of radius 14 cm makes a right angle at the centre. Find the areas of minor and major segments of the circle.

**Solution:**

Given data: Radius (r) = 14 cm

Angle subtended by the chord with the centre of the circle, θ = 90°

Area of minor segment (ANB) = (Area of ANB sector) - (Area of the triangle AOB)

= θ/360 × πr^{2 }- 0.5 × OA × OB

= 90/360 × π14^{2} - 0.5 × 14 × 14

= 154 - 98 = 56 cm^{2}

Therefore the area of the minor segment (ANB) = 56 cm^{2}

Area of the major segment (other than shaded) = area of circle - area of segment ANB = πr^{2 }- 56 cm^{2}

= 3.14 × 14 × 14 - 56

= 616 - 56

= 560 cm^{2}

Therefore, the area of the major segment = 560 cm^{2}.

**Question: 4**

**A chord 10 cm long is drawn in a circle whose radius is **5√2 cm**. Find the area of both segments.**

**Solution:**

Given data: Radius of the circle, r = 5√2 cm = OA = OB

Length of the chord AB = 10 cm

In triangle OAB,

Hence, Pythagoras theorem is satisfied.

Therefore OAB is a right angle triangle.

Angle subtended by the chord with the centre of the circle, θ = 90°

Area of segment (minor) = shaded region = area of sector - area of triangle

OAB = θ/360 × πr^{2} - 0.5 × OA × OB

Therefore, Area of segment (minor) = 1000/7 cm^{2}.

**Question: 5**

**A chord AB of circle of radius 14 cm makes an angle of 60° at the centre. Find the area of the minor segment of the circle.**

**Solution:**

Given data: radius of the circle (r) = 14 cm = OA = OB

Angle subtended by the chord with the centre of the circle, θ = 60°

In triangle AOB, angle A = angle B [angle opposite to equal sides OA and OB] = x

By angle sum property, ∠A + ∠B + ∠O = 180

x + x + 60° = 180°

2X = 120°, x = 60°

All angles are 60°, triangle OAB is equilateral OA = OB = AB = area of the segment (shaded region in the figure) = area of sector area of triangle

On solving the above equation we get,

Therefore, area of the segment (shaded region in the figure)

**Question: 6**

Ab is the diameter of a circle with centre 'O'. C is a point on the circumference such that ∠COB = θ. The area of the minor segment cut off by AC is equal to twice the area of sector BOC. Prove that

**Solution:**

Given data: AB is a diameter of circle with centre O, Also, ∠COB = θ

= Angle subtended Area of sector BOC = θ/360 × πr^{2}

Area of segment cut off by AC = (Area of sector) - (Area of triangle AOC)

∠AOC = 180 - θ ∠AOC and ∠BOC from linear pair] Area of sector

In triangle AOC, drop a perpendicular AM, this bisects ∠AOC and side AC.

Now, In triangle AMO,

Area of segment

Area of segment by AC = 2 (Area of sector BOC)

On solving the above equation we get,

Hence proved that,

**Question: 7**

A chord a circle subtends an angle θ at the center of the circle. The area of the minor segment cut off by the chord is one-eighth of the area of the circle. Prove that

**Solution:**

Let the area of the given circle be = r

We know that, area of a circle = πr^{2}

AB is a chord, OA and OB are joined. Drop a OM such that it is perpendicular to AB, this OM bisects AB as well as

∠AOM

Area of segment cut off by AB = (area of sector) - (area of the triangle formed)

On solving the above equation we get,

Hence proved,