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Why is a capsule advantageous to a bacterium? (1) It allows the bacterium to attach to the surface (2) It protects the bacterium from desiccation (3) It provides means of locomotion (4) It allows bacterium to “hide” from host’s immune system

Why is a capsule advantageous to a bacterium? (1) It allows the bacterium to attach to the surface (2) It protects the bacterium from desiccation (3) It provides means of locomotion (4) It allows bacterium to “hide” from host’s immune system

Grade:8

2 Answers

Aabid Hussain
askIITians Faculty 571 Points
5 years ago
Hi Dear,

The function of capsule includes te bacterium to “hide”from host immune system (Phagocytosis from macrophages).

Thank you for asking.
Umakant biswal
5359 Points
5 years ago
@ gayatri 
The cell capsule is a very large structure of some prokaryotic cells, such as bacterial cells. It is a polysaccharide layer that lies outside the cell envelope of bacteria, and is thus deemed part of the outer envelope of a bacterial cell.
with the help of these capsule bacteria do hides from the immnue system of the host , so, that the immnue system of host cannot affect it . 
so, from your options option no 4 turns out to be the correct option . 
HOPE IT CLEARS YOUR DOUBT 
ALL THE BEST ..
 

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