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Why anterior fontanelle is used in judging hydration of infants???? And also mention other fontanelles uses..

Why anterior fontanelle is used in judging hydration of infants????
And also mention other fontanelles uses..

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

Vikas TU
14149 Points
one year ago
Dear student 
The average size of the anterior fontanel is 2.1 cm, and the median time of closure is 13.8 months. The most common causes of a large anterior fontanel or delayed fontanel closure are achondroplasia, hypothyroidism, Down syndrome, increased intracranial pressure, and rickets. A bulging anterior fontanel can be a result of increased intracranial pressure or intracranial and extracranial tumors, and a sunken fontanel usually is a sign of dehydration. A physical examination helps the physician determine which imaging modality, such as plain films, ultrasonography, computed tomographic scan, or magnetic resonance imaging, to use for diagnosis
Sunken fontanelles may be a sign of dehydration.
Bulging fontanelles can be a symptom of a serious illness, such meningitis.

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