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What are endotoxic and exotoxic diseases and how is this classification of diseases being made ? Also what are toxoids , what is their effect on body and how are they produced ?

What are endotoxic and exotoxic diseases and how is this classification of diseases being made ? Also what are toxoids , what is their effect on body and how are they produced ?

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

Arun
25763 Points
3 years ago

Exotoxins:

 

Definition: Toxins that are released extracellularly as the organism grows are called exotoxins. Exotoxins may travel from a focus of infection to distant part of the body and cause damage.  E.g. Neurotoxin (botulinum toxin, tetanus toxin), Enterotoxin (cholera toxin), Cytotoxin

Endotoxins:

Definition: Endotoxins are lipopolysacchrides toxin produced by Gram negative bacteria. The name endotoxin is derived from the fact that these toxins are generally cell bound and released only when the cell lyses.

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