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the total no. of nitrogenous bases in human genome is estimated to be about 3.5 million 35 thousand 35 million 3.1 billion

the total no. of nitrogenous bases in human genome is estimated to be about
  1. 3.5 million
  2. 35 thousand
  3. 35 million
  4. 3.1 billion

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

Apoorva Arora IIT Roorkee
askIITians Faculty 181 Points
7 years ago
The total number of nitrogenous bases in human genome is estimated to be about 3.1 billion.
The 3 billion bp in the human genome are organized into 24 distinct, physically separate microscopic units called chromosomes. All genes are arranged linearly along the chromosomes. The nucleus of most human cells contains 2 sets of chromosomes, 1 set given by each parent. Each set has 23 single chromosomes22 autosomes and an X or Y sex chromosome. (A normal female will have a pair of X chromosomes; a male will have an X and Y pair.) Chromosomes contain roughly equal parts of protein and DNA; chromosomal DNA contains an average of 150 million bases. DNA molecules are among the largest molecules now known.

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