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Grade: 12th Pass
        

what is the difference b/w solar lamp and normal lamp?
 explain me.

7 years ago

Answers : (1)

Anantha Krishnan
18 Points
							

A solar lamp is a portable light composed of a led lamp, a photovoltaic panel, and a rechargable battery.


Solar panel on top of the lamp recharges the battery.

Outdoor lamps are used for lawn and garden decorations. Indoor solar lamps are also used for general illumination (i.e. for garages and the solar panel is deattached of the LED lamp).

Solar garden lights are used for decoration, and come in a wide variety of designs. They are sometimes holiday-themed and may come in animal shapes. They are frequently used to mark footpaths or the areas around swimming pools.

Solar lamps recharge during the day. At dusk, they turn on (usually automatically, although some of them include a switch for on, off and automatic) and remain illuminated overnight, depending on how much sunlight they receive during the day. Discharging time is generally 8 to 10 hours.

Some solar lights do not provide as much light as a line-powered lighting system, but they are easily installed and maintained, and provide a cheaper alternative to wired lamps.

 

A "normal light bulb" is also known as anincandescent light bulb. These bulbs have a very thin tungsten filament that is housed inside a glass sphere. They typically come in sizes like "60 watt," "75 watt," "100 watt" and so on.

The basic idea behind these bulbs is simple. Electricity runs through the filament. Because the filament is so thin, it offers a good bit of resistance to the electricity, and this resistance turns electrical energy into heat. The heat is enough to make the filament white hot, and the "white" part is light. The filament glows because of the heat -- it incandesces.

The problem with incandescent light bulbs is that the heat wastes a lot of electricity. Heat is not light, and the purpose of the light bulb is light, so all of the energy spent creating heat is a waste. Incandescent bulbs are therefore very inefficient. They produce perhaps 15 lumens per watt of input power.

A fluorescent bulb uses a completely different method to produce light. There are electrodes at both ends of a fluorescent tube, and a gas containing argon and mercury vapor is inside the tube. A stream of electrons flows through the gas from one electrode to the other (in a manner similar to the stream of electrons in a cathode ray tube). These electrons bump into the mercury atoms and excite them. As the mercury atoms move from the excited state back to the unexcited state, they give off ultraviolet photons. These photons hit the phosphor coating the inside of the fluorescent tube, and this phosphor creates visible light. It sounds complicated, so lets go through it again in slow motion:

  • There is a stream of electrons flowing between the electrodes at both ends of the fluorescent bulb.
  • The electrons interact with mercury vapor atoms floating inside the bulb.
  • The mercury atoms become excited, and when they return to an unexcited state they release photons of light in the ultraviolet region of the spectrum.
  • These ultraviolet photons collide with the phosphor coating the inside of the bulb, and the phosphor creates visible light.

The phosphor fluoresces to produce light.

A fluorescent bulb produces less heat, so it is much more efficient. A fluorescent bulb can producebetween 50 and 100 lumens per watt. This makes fluorescent bulbs four to six times more efficientthan incandescent bulbs. That''s why you can buy a 15-watt fluorescent bulb that produces the same amount of light as a 60-watt incandescent bulb.

7 years ago
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