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In a Young’s double slit experiment using monochromatic light, the fringe pattern shifts by a certain distance on the screen when a mica sheet of refractive index 1.6 and thickness 1.964 micron (1 micron = 10-6 m) is introduced in the path of one of the interfering waves. The mica sheet is then removed and the distance between the screen and the slits is doubled. It is found that the distance between the successive maxima now is the same as the observed fringe-shift upon the introduction of the mica sheet. Calculate the wavelength of the monochromatic light used in the experiment.

In a Young’s double slit experiment using monochromatic light, the fringe pattern shifts by a certain distance on the screen when a mica sheet of refractive index 1.6 and thickness 1.964 micron (1 micron = 10-6 m) is introduced in the path of one of the interfering waves. The mica sheet is then removed and the distance between the screen and the slits is doubled. It is found that the distance between the successive maxima now is the same as the observed fringe-shift upon the introduction of the mica sheet. Calculate the wavelength of the monochromatic light used in the experiment.

Grade:11

1 Answers

Kevin Nash
askIITians Faculty 332 Points
6 years ago
Sol. In the given Young’s double slit experiment, μ = 1.6, t = 1.964 micron = 1.964 * 10^–6 m We know, number of fringes shifted = (μ – 1)t/λ So, the corresponding shift = No. of fringes shifted * fringe width = (μ – 1)t/λ * λD/d = (μ – 1)tD/d …..(1) Again, when the distance between the screen and the slits is doubled, Fringe width = λ(2D)/d …..(2) From (1) and (2), (μ – 1)tD/d = λ(2D)/d ⇒ (μ – 1)t/λ = (1.6 - 1) * (1.964) * 10^-6/2 = 589.2 * 10^-9 = 589.2 nm.

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