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Grade: upto college level
        Water is boiled in a container having a bottom of surface area 25 cm2, thickness 0.1 mm and thermal conductivity 50 W/m-°C.  100 g of water is converted into steam per minute in the steady state after the boiling starts. Assuming that no heat is lost to the atmosphere, calculate the temperature of the lower surface of the bottom. Latent heat of vaporization of water = 2.26 × 106 J/kg.
5 years ago

Answers : (1)

Deepak Patra
askIITians Faculty
471 Points
							Sol. A = 25 cm^2 = 25 × 10^–4 m^2
l = 1 mm = 10^–3 m
K = 50 w/m-°C|
Q/t = Rate of conversion of water into steam
= 100 * 10^-3 * 2.26 * 10^6/1 min = 10^-1 * 2.26 * 10^6/60 = 0.376 = 10^4
Q/t = KA(θ base 1 – base 2)/l ⇒ 0.376 * 10^4 = 50 * 25 * 10^-4 * (θ - 100)/10^-3
⇒ θ = 10^-3 * 0.376 * 10^4/50 * 25 * 10^-4 = 10^5 * 0.376/50 * 25 = 30.1 = 30

						
5 years ago
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