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Why is the highest oxidation state of a metal exhibited in its oxide or fluoride only?

Why is the highest oxidation state of a metal exhibited in its oxide or fluoride only?

Grade:9

1 Answers

sumit kumar
askIITians Faculty 13 Points
6 years ago
The reason is high electronegativity of Oxygen and Flurine atoms. Both oxygen and fluorine are highly elecronegative. Infact, F is the most electronegative and O is the second most electronegative element of the periodic table.This high electronegativity is related to their small size. Due to this, they are able to oxidise a metal atom upto its highest oxidation state easily. But oxygen has superiority in oxidising the metal upto its highest oxidation state over fluorine. This is because oxygen can form multiple bonds with metal atom while fluorine forms only single bond.
Thanks & Regards
Sumit Kumar
askIITians Faculty

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