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Describe Lithium carbonate and sodium carbonate stability thermodynamically?

Describe Lithium carbonate and sodium carbonate stability thermodynamically?

Grade:12

1 Answers

Sunil Kumar FP
askIITians Faculty 183 Points
6 years ago
lithium carbonate is thermodynamically unstable as under ordinary condition it decompose into lithium oxide and carbon dioxide.
Li2CO3 --------Li2O +CO2
The decomposition is favoured by the high lattice energy of Li2O as compared to Li2CO3
whereas sodium carbonate being thermodynamically unstable does not decompose
Na2CO3-----do not decompose
sodium carbonate is stable.

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