What are colloidal solution? How are they different?

What are colloidal solution? How are they different?


1 Answers

bibhash jha
15 Points
14 years ago

Colloidal solution or colloidal state or colloidal dispersion, represent an intermediate kind of a mixture between true solution and suspension. The size of a colloidal particle lies roughly between 1-100 nm. Colloids are also a two-phase heterogeneous system consisting of the dispersed phase and dispersion medium. However, colloidal particles present in small amount as the dispersed phase component behave like a solute in a solution when suspended in a solvent phase or dispersing medium, because of their small size. Since the dispersed phase in a colloidal system is uniformly distributed in the dispersion medium, the colloidal state appears homogenous to the naked eye or even an ordinary microscope (due to particles being invisible). However it is a heterogeneous dispersion of two immiscible phases and this is proved by viewing it under an ultra-microscope, where the light reflected by colloidal particles can be seen. Colloidal particles do not settle down under gravity: a colloidal solution of gold prepared by Faraday over 125 years ago continues to be in excellent condition even today. Colloids can pass through ordinary filter paper but do not pass through animal membranes.

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