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is there is any easy formula 2 find hyberdization

is there is any easy formula 2 find hyberdization

Grade:11

2 Answers

AKASH GOYAL AskiitiansExpert-IITD
419 Points
11 years ago

Dear Ankit

we have a formula

first we find n=1/2[group no central atom +no of  atoms attached to central metal atom (like H , Cl, F..except O) + magnitude of negative charge - magnitude of positive charge]

if n=2 hybridisation is sp

n=3 hybridisation is sp2

n=4 hybridisation is sp3

n=5 hybridisation is sp3d etc..

for ex in BeCl2 n=1/2[2+2]=1/2(4)=2

so hybridisation is SP like that

some exceptions are there but  FOR MOST OF THE COMPOUNDS WE GET HYBRIDISATION

 

All the best

AKASH GOYAL
AskiitiansExpert-IITD

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vikas askiitian expert
509 Points
11 years ago

use HON rule to find hybridisation of any type of molecule

 according to this rule 2x=number of electrons in valence shell -charge present (if any) +number of monovalent atoms(H,Cl etc)

 if x=2 then hybridisation is sp ,if x is 3 then sp2 , if 3 then sp3 and so on

 example H3O+

  2x = 6(number of valence electrons)- (+1)charge +3(monovalent atoms)

        =6-1+3

      x  =4  (sp3 hybridisation)

 approve my ans if u like

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