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CAN YOU PLEASE TELL ME ABOUT THE LATTICE ENERGY??

CAN YOU PLEASE TELL ME ABOUT THE LATTICE ENERGY??

Grade:11

1 Answers

suryakanth AskiitiansExpert-IITB
105 Points
11 years ago

Dear swapnil,

The lattice energy of an ionic solid is a measure of the strength of bonds in that ionic compound. It is usually defined as the enthalpy of formation of the ionic compound from gaseous ions and as such is invariably exothermic. The concept of lattice energy was initially developed for rocksalt-structured and sphalerite-structured compounds like NaCl and ZnS, where the ions occupy high-symmetry crystal lattice sites. In the case of NaCl, the lattice energy is the energy released by the reaction

Na+ (g) + Cl (g) → NaCl (s)

which would amount to -787 kJ/mol   

Some older textbooks define lattice energy as the energy required to convert the ionic compound into gaseous ions which is an endothermic process, and following this definition the lattice energy of NaCl would be +787 kJ/mol.

the value of the lattice energy may either be derived theoretically from electrostatics or from a thermodynamic cycling reaction, the so-called Born-Haber cycle.

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