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Grade: 12th pass

                        

ᴇxᴘʟᴀɪɴ ꜱɪʟᴠᴇʀ-ᴍɪʀʀᴏʀ ᴛᴇꜱᴛ ᴡɪᴛʜ ᴇQᴜᴀᴛɪᴏɴꜱ...................

2 months ago

Answers : (1)

Pawan Prajapati
askIITians Faculty
3407 Points
							Answer:

Tollens’ test, also known as silver-mirror test, is a qualitative laboratory test used to distinguish between an aldehyde and a ketone. It exploits the fact that aldehydes are readily oxidized (see oxidation), whereas ketones are not. Tollens’ test uses a reagent known as Tollens’ reagent, which is a colorless, basic, aqueous solution containing silver ions coordinated to ammonia [Ag(NH3)2+] . It is prepared using a two-step procedure.

Step 1: Aqueous silver nitrate is mixed with aqueous sodium hydroxide.

AgNO3+NaOH2AgOH→AgOH+NaHO3→Ag2O+H2O

Step 2: Aqueous ammonia is added drop-wise until the precipitated silver oxide completely dissolves.

Ag2O+4NH3+H2O→2Ag(NH3)+2+2OH−

Tollens’ reagent oxidizes an aldehyde into the corresponding carboxylic acid.

The reaction is accompanied by the reduction of silver ions in Tollens’ reagent into metallic silver, which, if the test is carried out in a clean glass test tube, forms a mirror on the test tube. eg:Ketone are not oxidative..

Thanks
2 months ago
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