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Grade: 12th pass

                        

Write the general representation of acid amide group​......!!!!!!!

Write the general representation of acid amide group​......!!!!!!!

4 months ago

Answers : (1)

Pawan Prajapati
askIITians Faculty
5328 Points
							Answer:

In organic chemistry, an amide, also known as an organic amide or a carboxamide, is a compound with the general formula RC(=O)NR′R″, where R, R', and R″ represent organic groups or hydrogen atoms.[1][2] The amide group is called a peptide bond when it is part of the main chain of a protein, and isopeptide bond when it occurs in a side chain, such as in the amino acids asparagine and glutamine. It can be viewed as a derivative of a carboxylic acid RC(=O)OH with the hydroxyl group –OH replaced by an amine group –NR′R″; or, equivalently, an acyl (alkanoyl) group RC(=O)– joined to an amine group.

General structure of an amide (specifically, a carboxamide).

Formamide, the simplest amide.

Asparagine, an amino acid with a side chain (highlighted) containing an amide group.

Common examples of amides are acetamide H3C–CONH2, benzamide C6H5–CONH2, and dimethylformamide HCON(–CH3)2.

Amides are qualified as primary, secondary, and tertiary according to whether the amine subgroup has the form –NH2, –NHR, or –NRR', where R and R' are groups other than hydrogen.[not verified in body]

The core –C(=O)N= of amides is called the amide group (specifically, carboxamide group).

Amides are pervasive in nature and technology. Proteins and important plastics like Nylons, Aramid, Twaron, and Kevlar are polymers whose units are connected by amide groups (polyamides); these linkages are easily formed, confer structural rigidity, and resist hydrolysis. Amides include many other important biological compounds, as well as many drugs like paracetamol, penicillin and LSD.[3] Low molecular weight amides, such as dimethylformamide, are common solvents.


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4 months ago
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