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Grade: 11

                        

when alkanes r treated with cl2 in presence of sunlight on what basis is the product formed?? when pentane is treated with cl2 wat will be the product formed??

3 years ago

Answers : (1)

Qaisar Mohsin Parsa
28 Points
							Cl2 reacts with alkanes simply by replacing hydrogen. no logic whatsoever.cl2 undergoes homolytic fission.e,g, CH3-CH3 + Cl2 gives CH3-CH2-ClIt can also give us CH3-CHCl2n Cl-CH2-CHCl2N many other possibilities r there of getting other products.Let us consider the first one where only one His replaced by Cl, this is called a monochloro derivative and is studied widely.No. Of monochloro derivatives formed depend upon the kinds of H atoms present in an alkane.e,g, primary, secondary, tertiary, etcif u take ethane, it gives only one monochloro derivatives because all H atoms are primary.Take 2-methyl butane...it gives 4 monochloro derivatives because it has 4 types of H atoms.... primary, secondary, tertiary n primary but a special one because this primary differs from simple primary in the respect that it is bonded to secondary carbon while the other primary is bonded to tertiary carbon.If u take neopentane, it gives only one monochloro derivative because it has single type of H, all are primary.Hope u got it.
						
3 years ago
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