what is sp3 hybridisation?

what is sp3 hybridisation?

Grade:12th pass

1 Answers

Aarti Gupta
askIITians Faculty 300 Points
8 years ago
Hybridisation involves intermixing of orbitals of different energies resulting in the formation of set of new orbitals of energies.
In sp3 type of hybridisation there is mixing of one s-orbital,and three orbitals of p-sub level of the valence shell to form four sp3 hybrid orbitals of equivalent energies and shape.This is also known as tetrahedral hybridisation.For ex- in methane molecule(CH4),sp3 hybridisation occurs due to which methane molecule is tetrahedral in shape.Each sp3 hybrid orbital has 25% s-character and 75% p-character.

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