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what is equipartition theorem

what is equipartition theorem

Grade:12

4 Answers

rahul
211 Points
6 years ago
The equipartition theorem of classical mechanics(thermo) is a useful guide to the average
energy associated with each degree of freedom when the sample is at a temperature
T.
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saransh aggarwal
27 Points
6 years ago
can you please explain that why it is named so
grenade
2061 Points
6 years ago
This is the famous equipartition theorem of classical physics. It states that the mean value of every independent quadratic term in the energy is equal to (1/2)KT
If all terms in the energy are quadratic then the mean energy is spread equally over all degrees of freedom (hence the name ``equipartition'').
 
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Avinash
askIITians Faculty 1246 Points
6 years ago
Inclassicalstatistical mechanics, theequipartition theoremis a general formula that relates thetemperatureof a system with its averageenergies. The original idea of equipartition was that, inthermal equilibrium, energy is shared equally among all of its various forms; for example, the averagekinetic energyperdegree of freedomin thetranslational motionof a molecule should equal that of itsrotational motions.

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