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Sir why aryl halides are less reactive towards nucleophilic substitution reaction?

Sir why aryl halides are less reactive towards nucleophilic substitution reaction?

Grade:12

1 Answers

Ravleen Kaur
askIITians Faculty 1452 Points
2 years ago
Aryl halidesare relatively unreactivetoward nucleophilic substitution reactions. This lack of reactivityis due to several factors.
1.Steric hindrance caused by the benzene ring of thearyl halideprevents SN2reactions. 2.Phenyl cations are unstable, thus making SN1reactionsimpossible.
3. Partial double bond character.

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