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Grade: 12

                        

preparation properties uses of nitrobenzene

5 years ago

Answers : (2)

ng29
1698 Points
							
Aromatic compounds can be directly nitrated using a mixture of concentrated nitric acid and sulphuric acid.

 

 

 

 

This reaction is an example of electrophilic substitution of benzene. The electrophile is a nitronium

 

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5 years ago
ng29
1698 Points
							
benzene +HNO3    -------------  --------------------    nitro benzene  + h2o
                           (conc H2SO4  333K)
 
toulene +  HNO3  ------------------------------------  o nitro toulene + p nitro toulene 
                          (conc H2SO4 300K)
 
 
Aside from its conversion to aniline, nitrobenzene is readily converted to related derivatives such as azobenzene,, nitroso benzene.
The nitro- group is deactivating, thus substitution tends to occur at the meta-position.
 
approve if useful
 
5 years ago
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