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In a group nucleophilicity increases and basicity decreases. In general good nucleophiles are good bases. How to resolve

In a group nucleophilicity increases and basicity decreases. In general good nucleophiles are good bases. How to resolve

Grade:12

1 Answers

Ravleen Kaur
askIITians Faculty 1452 Points
2 years ago
First of all, remember that basicity is asubsetof nucleophilicity. All nucleophiles are Lewis bases; they donate a lone pair of electrons. A “base” (or, “Brønsted base”) is just the name we give to a nucleophile when it’s forming a bond to a proton (H+). To summarize, when we’re talking about basicity and nucleophilicity, we’re talking about these two types of events.

Basicity: nucleophile attacks hydrogen

Nucleophilicity: nucleophile attacks any atom other than hydrogen. Because we’re talking about organic chemistry here, for our purposes, this is going to mean “carbon” most of the time.

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