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How can you classify solids on the basis of the nature of the forces between the constituent particles?

 How can you classify solids on the basis of the nature of the forces between the constituent particles?
 

Grade:12

2 Answers

Adarsh
733 Points
6 years ago
On the basis of the nature of forces between the constituent particles solids can be classified into four:
(1) Molecular solids
         They can be further classified into three:
         (i)   Non polar molecular solids
               Here atoms or molecules are held together by weak dispersion or london forces
               eg;H2, I2, etc.
         (ii)  Polar molecular solids
               Here molecules are held together by dipole-dipole interactions
               eg; solid NH3, solid SO2, etc.
         (iii)  Hydrogen bonded molecular solids
               Here molecules are held together by strong hydrogen bonding
               eg; H2O, HF, etc.
(2) Ionic solids
    Here ions are held together by coulombic or electrostatic forces.
    eg; NaCl, ZnS, etc.
(3) Metallic solids
    Here constituent particles are held together by metallic bonding
    eg; Fe, Ag, etc.
(4) Covalent or network solids
    Here atoms are held together by covalent bonding
    eg;Graphite, Diamond, etc.
 
Hope you understand my answer.
 
Please approve if my answer finds useful
Adarsh
733 Points
6 years ago
Please approve if my answer is correct.

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