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Grade: 11

                        

explain inductive effect, mesomeric effect, resonance in detail with examples

4 years ago

Answers : (1)

Umakant biswal
5359 Points
							
An inductive effect is an electronic effect due to the polarisation of σ bonds within a molecule or ion. This is typically due to an electronegatvity difference between the atoms at either end of the bond..
and if u dnt knw what is electronic effect then it is an
 effect which  influences the structure, reactivity, or properties of molecule but is neither a traditional bond nor a steric effect.
Resonance effect can be defined as the polarity produced in the molecule by the interaction of two pi bonds and loan pair of electron present in the adjacent atom . 
it is designed as R or M effect . 
a resonance effect can be +ve or -ve also .. 
+R effect – electron will be away from an atom or substituent group . attached to the conjugated syatem . 
example – -OH , -OR , -OCOR . 
+R EFFECT -= transfer of electron towards the atoms or substituent group attached to the conjugated system . 
example – -CN , – NO2 
hope it clears your doubt 
ALLL THE BEST ..
 
4 years ago
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