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Grade: 12th pass
        
acc to ortho effect, the presence of a bulky grp, flips rather pushes the -COOH out of the plane of benzene ring in o-any bulky grp benzoic acid! thus the reasonance is reduced, than how is the stability increases, when comparing with -para and other substituted compounds?
2 years ago

Answers : (1)

Ravleen Kaur
askIITians Faculty
1453 Points
							Hello Student,

Since, the presence of a bulky groups pushes the -COOH out of the plane of benzene ring in ortho derivative of benzoic acid which result in the formation of resonating structure with high stability. The negative charge will lie maximum on oxygen not on carbon. So by rule of resonance the negative charge is stable on the most electronegative atom.

Regards
Ravleen Kaur
one year ago
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