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Grade: 12th pass
        

About   Colloidal State for bsc1st year chemisty project

 
10 months ago

Answers : (1)

Adarsh
763 Points
							A colloid is one of the three primary types of mixtures, with the other two being a solution and suspension. A colloid is a solution that has particles ranging between 1 and 1000 nanometers in diameter, yet are still able to remain evenly distributed throughout the solution. These are also known as colloidal dispersions because the substances remain dispersed and do not settle to the bottom of the container. In colloids, one substance is evenly dispersed in another. The substance being dispersed is referred to as being in the dispersed phase, while the substance in which it is dispersed is in the continuous phase.Properties of ColloidsTo be classified as a colloid, the substance in the dispersed phase must be larger than the size of a molecule but smaller than what can be seen with the naked eye. This can be more precisely quantified as one or more of the substance`s dimensions must be between 1 and 1000 nanometers. If the dimensions are smaller than this the substance is considered a solution and if they are larger than the substance is a suspension.Classifying ColloidsA common method of classifying colloids is based on the phase of the dispersed substance and what phase it is dispersed in. The types of colloids includes sol, emulsion, foam, and aerosol.Sol is a colloidal suspension with solid particles in a liquid. Emulsion is between two liquids.Foam is formed when many gas particles are trapped in a liquid or solid. Aerosol contains small particles of liquid or solid dispersed in a gas. Figure 1: Examples of a stable and of an unstable colloidal dispersion.Image used with permission from Wikipedia.When the dispersion medium is water, the collodial system is often referred to as a hydrocolloid. The particles in the dispersed phase can take place in different phases depending on how much water is available. For example, Jello powder mixed in with water creates a hydrocolloid. A common use for hydrocolloids is in the creation of medical dressings. Table 1: Examples of ColloidsDispersion Medium	Dispersed Phase	Type of Colloid	ExampleSolid	Solid	Solid sol	 Ruby glassSolid	Liquid	Solid emulsion/gel	 Pearl, cheeseSolid	Gas	Solid foam	 Lava, pumiceLiquid	Solid	Sol	 Paints, cell fluidsLiquid	Liquid	Emulsion	 Milk, oil in waterLiquid	Gas	Foam	 Soap suds, whipped creamGas	Solid	Aerosol	 SmokeGas	Liquid	Aerosol	 Fog, mist An easy way of determining whether a mixture is colloidal or not is through use of the Tyndall Effect. When light is shined through a true solution, the light passes cleanly through the solution, however when light is passed through a colloidal solution, the substance in the dispersed phases scatters the light in all directions, making it readily seen. An example of this is shining a flashlight into fog. The beam of light can be easily seen because the fog is a colloid.100_1377.JPG   100_1376.JPGFigure 2: Light being shined through water and milk. The light is not reflected when passing through the water because it is not a colloid. It is however reflected in all directions when it passes through the milk, which is colloidal.Another method of determining whether a mixture is a colloid is by passing it through a semipermeable membrane. The larger dispersed particles in a colloid would be unable to pass through the membrane, while the surrounding liquid molecules can. Dialysis takes advantage of the fact that colloids cannot diffuse through semipermeable membranes to filter them out of a medium.
						
10 months ago
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