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Hi experts , Plz explain the alkyl group in detail?

Hi experts ,


Plz explain the alkyl group in detail?

Grade:Upto college level

1 Answers

Vijay Luxmi Askiitiansexpert
357 Points
13 years ago

Hi Disha,  

An alkyl is a functional group of an organic chemical that contains only carbon and hydrogen atoms, which are arranged in a chain.

They have general formula CnH2n+1

Examples include methyl CH3 (derived from methane) and butyl C2H5 (derived from butane). They are not found on their own but are found attached to other hydrocarbons.

Alkane Formula Alkyl group Formula
methane CH4 methyl group -CH3
ethane CH3CH3 ethyl group -CH2CH3
propane CH3CH2CH3 n-propyl group -CH2CH2CH3
butane CH3CH2CH2CH3 n-butyl group -CH2CH2CH2CH3

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